Father/son/siblings bathing together


Relatives bathing together:[1]

The Talmud[2] prohibits one from bathing together with his father or step father[3], or father in-law[4], or sister’s husband [brother in-law].[5] Some Poskim[6] extend this prohibition even against bathing with one’s brother, however other Poskim[7] permit regarding a brother.

One was already in the bathhouse when relative arrived:[8] Even in the event that one is already in the bathhouse and one of these relatives arrives, this prohibition applies and he is to leave the bathhouse.[9]

The custom today:[10] In today’s times, it is customary to permit bathing together, being that their private areas are covered in the bathhouse with a bathing suit and there is thus no worry of it leading to forbidden thoughts. [If however they are unclothed in the bathhouse, then it is forbidden to bathe with the above relatives from the letter of the law.[11] Nonetheless, even today the widespread custom is to permit immersing in a Mikveh together with the above relatives, even though the private areas are not covered.[12] This is accustomed even amongst G-d fearing Jews.[13] Nevertheless, it is best to distance oneself from the above situation.[14]]   


[1] Rama E.H. 23/6 and Y.D. 242/16; omitted from Tur and Michaber both in Yoreh Deah and Even Haezer

[2] Pesachim 51a

[3] Our Girsa of Rama ibid and Rama Y.D. 242/16; Gemara ibid; Mordechai; Gemara ibid, brought in  Chelkas Mechokeik 23/5; Beis Shmuel 23/5

Other opinions: Some Poskim rule it is permitted to bathe with one’s step-father and that this is the correct Nussach in the Rama ibid. [Chelkas Mechokeik 23/5; Rif; Rosh Rashi; Ran; Aguda]

[4] Girsa of Rama Y.D. 242/16; Gemara ibid; Beis Shmuel 23/5 and Chelkas Mechokeik 23/5 Rif; Rosh Rashi; Ran; Aguda; Gr”a

Other Girsas of Rama: In our Girsa of Rama E.H. ibid he does not mention the father in-law.

[5] Rama ibid; Pesachim ibid

The reason: This is forbidden due to that it leads to forbidden thoughts. [Rama ibid] As one thinks of how he was born from his father, and how his wife was born from her father., [Rashi Pesachim ibid]

[6] Our Girsa of Rama E.H. ibid; Girsa of Beis Shmuel 23/5; Taharas Yisrael 23/24

[7] Chelkas Mechokeik 23/5 that this is the correct Nussach in the Rama ibid and so is the Girsa in Rama Y.D. ibid; Gr”a; Aruch Hashulchan 23/8; Girsa of: Rif; Rosh Rashi; Ran; Aguda; Gemara ibid.

[8] Beis Shmuel 23/5

[9] The reason: As since the reason behind the prohibition is due to Hirhur, it is irrelvent as to whetehr he was there first. [ibid]

[10] Rama ibid and Y.D. 242/16; Aguda Pesachim ibid

[11] Pischeiy Teshuvah 23/5; Toldas Adam 6 in a story with Rebbe Zalman of Vilna and his father in-law, that as soon as he saw his father in-law in the bathhouse he left and did not return until his father in-law exited, as the Heter of the Rama and Aguda no longer apply; Taharas Yisrael 23/24

[12] Pischeiy Teshuvah ibid; Aruch Hashulchan 23/8

The reason: Perhaps this is due to that the entire prohibition applies only against lounging around in the bath together with the relative and not towards simply being unclothed with the relative in the same building. [Aruch Hashulchan ibid; suggested answer in Mordechai, now although the Mordechai negates this approach, nonetheless perhaps this approach is accepted by the world.]

[13] Aruch Hashulchan ibid

[14] Aruch Hashulchan ibid

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