Monday, 20th Adar 5783/March 13, 2023
Parshas Vayakhel Pekudei-Sheini
- Appointment of Betzalel to build the Mishkan.
- Moshe told the Jewish people: Hashem has appointed Betzalel the son of Uri of the tribe of Yehuda to perform all the work of building the Mishkan and its accessories. He has filled him with wisdom and understanding to perform all the work with the gold, silver and copper, stone and wood. Ohaliav the son of Achisamach from the tribe of Dan was appointed to work with him. They shall do the work together with all the skilled individuals.
- The Jewish people exceed in donating materials:
- Moshe called upon Betzalel and Ohaliav, and all those who are skilled, to come do the work. They came and took from Moshe the materials donated, but the Jewish people kept coming each morning, bringing more and more donations. The workers told Moshe that too much material had been collected. Moshe then went ahead and announced in the camp that the people should cease bringing donation material, and so they ceased. They had enough material to build the Mishkan and have a surplus.
- Making the tapestries:
- The craftsmen made the ten tapestries of twisted linen, Techeiles-Teurquoise wool, Argamon-Purple wool, scarlet wool. They made it the work of an artist. Each tapestry was 28 Amos long and 4 Amos wide. They attached the tapestries to each other in two groups of five. The ends of the two groups of tapestries contained 50 loops, corresponding to each other. They made 50 gold hooks to attach the two groupings together and hence have one Mishkan.
- Making the panels of goat hair:
- They made 11 tent panels of goat hair to be placed over the Mishkan [i.e. the wool tapestries]. Each panel was 30 Amos long and 4 Amos wide. They attached the panels to each other into two groups, one containing five and the second containing six. The ends of the two groups of panels contained 50 loops, corresponding to each other. They made 50 copper hooks to attach the two groupings together and hence have one Mishkan.
- They made a covering of red dyed ram skin and a covering of Tachash skin to be placed above the goat hair panels.
- Making the Kerashim/beams:
- They made beams for the Mishkan from shittim-acacia wood. Each beam was 10 Amos in length and 1.5 Amos in width. Each beam contained two projecting pieces of wood [i.e. tenons] which were perfectly aligned across each other.
- Amount: They made 20 beams for the southern side and 20 beams for the northern side. They made 6 beams for the west side, plus two corner beams, for a total of 8 beams.
- Sockets: They made silver sockets for the beams, two sockets per beam, for each of its tenons. Thus, they made 40 silver sockets for the 20 beams of the southern side and 40 silver sockets for the 20 beams of the northern side. They made 16 silver sockets for the 8 beams of the western side.
- Poles: They made five poles of acacia-shittim wood for three sides of the Mishkan, five for the northern side, five for the southern side, and five for the western side, for a total of 15 poles. They made the middle pole that is to be inserted into the beams and extend from one end to the next. They coated the poles with gold. They made rings of gold.
- The beams were coated with gold.
- Making the Paroches:
- The material: They made the Paroches of Turquoise-Ticheiles wool, Argamon-Purple wool, scarlet wool, and twisted linen. It was made the work of an artist.
- The beams which hold the Paroches: They made four pillars of acacia-shittim wood covered with gold to hold the Paroches. They made golden hooks and four silver sockets for the beams.
- Making the Masach screen in front of the Kodesh:
- They made a screen of Turquoise-Ticheiles wool, Argamon-Purple wool, scarlet wool, and twisted linen for the entrance to the Ohel. It was made the work of an embroiderer.
- They made for the Masach five pillars of acacia-shittim wood of which their tops were covered with gold. They made gold hooks and five copper sockets for the pillars.
- Making the Aron:
- Betzalel made the Aron of acacia-shittim wood. It was 2.5 Amos in length and 1.5 Amos in width, and 1.5 Amos in height. He covered it with pure gold both in its interior and exterior and made for it a gold crown surrounding it. He welded onto it four gold rings, two on each side. He made two poles of acacia-shittim wood and coated them with gold. He inserted the poles into the rings for it to be carried with.
- Kapores and Keruvim: He made a cover of pure gold for the Aron. Its dimensions were 2.5 Amos in length and 1.5 Amos in width. He made two Keruvim of gold on the opposite ends of the Kapores. The Keruvim contained wings spread upwards, and faced each other, and faced towards the lid.
- Making the Shulchan:
- He made the Shulchan from acacia-shittim wood. It was 2 Amos in length and 1 Amos in width, and 1.5 Amos in height. He coated it with gold and made a gold crown around its rim.
- Rings and poles: He made a one Tefach frame around its entire circumference, and the frame had a gold crown around it. He welded four gold rings onto it, one by each corner, and made two poles from acacia wood and coated them with gold. The poles were made to be inserted into the rings for the Shulchan to be carried with.
- Accessories: He made the vessels that rested on the Shulchan which include pure gold dishes, spoons, tubes and supports.
Tanya end of Chapter 35
1. The evil of the animal soul does not prevent the divine presence from resting on the body:
- This essential evil of the animal soul does not prevent the divine presence from residing on the body, being that at the time of the fulfillment of the mitzvah the animal soul is completely subjugated to holiness, being forced to answer amen and agree with the fulfillment of the mitzvah due to the G-dly soul that is in the mind and overcomes and controls the heart.
- The evil is in a state of sleep in exile: During the time that the person with those the mitzvah, the essential evil of the animal soul is in a state of sleep and exile, and hence does not prevent the residence of the divine presence.
2. The order of how G-dliness is drawn to the body of the animal soul:
- The energy of the G-dly soul which is invested within the fulfillment of the mitzvah becomes completely incorporated in the light of God and becomes completely united with it. This then draws down an encompassing ray of G-dliness onto the animal soul that is found within the entire body, as well as onto the body itself, from head to toe.
3. How this dwelling of God on man does not cause a change in God:
- Anytime the light of the divine presence resides on an item, which is a revelation of the infinite light of God on a certain item, this is not considered a change for polarity within God, and is similar to the sun which can shine through many windows simultaneously without it causing any change in the sun itself.
Rambam, Hilchos Eidus, Chapter 15
Chapter 15: A biased witness
Halacha 1: The law by a biased witness
· It is forbidden for one who stands to gain from a certain testimony, to testify regarding that matter, as this is as if he is testifying about himself.
· City residents testifying regarding a public matter: Accordingly, a city resident may not testify regarding a matter of which they stand to benefit, unless they completely remove themselves from the benefit through an acquisition.
Halacha 2: A stolen Torah scroll
· If a Torah scroll was stolen from a congregation, then the judges of that congregation may not act as a judge regarding the case, and it is rather to be brought to the judges of a neighboring congregation.
Halacha 3: Charity donations
· One who pledged a donation to the core residents of the city, may not have the case judged by the judges of that city, and the city residents may not testify regarding it if the support of the city paupers falls upon the community.
Halacha 4: Testifying on behalf of partner of real estate
· Partners may not testify regarding each other’s real estate property unless they completely remove themselves from the partnership.
Halacha 5: A sharecropper and renter testifying on behalf of the owner
· A sharecropper may not testify on behalf of the owner regarding the field during times of the field contains produce.
· However, the renter of a field may testify on behalf of the owner even in times that it contains produce, if he has yet to pay the rent.
Halacha 6: A guarantor or buyer testifying on behalf of the borrower or seller
· A guarantor or buyer may only testifying on behalf of the borrower or seller if it will not cause them any possible loss.
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