May one perform Bikur Cholim on Shabbos?

May one perform Bikur Cholim on Shabbos:[1]

It is permitted to visit the sick on Shabbos.[2] Nevertheless [one is not to arrange to visit the sick specifically on Shabbos and is rather to arrange to visit him during the week as] it was with difficulty that the Sages allowed visiting the sick on Shabbos.[3] It is therefore improper to do like those who do not visit the sick throughout the week and visit him on Shabbos alone.[4] [If, however, one simply has no time to go during the week, and going on Shabbos will rejoice the ill person, then one is not to abstain from visiting him.[5]]

How to pray for the sick on Shabbos:[6] When visiting a sick person on Shabbos one is to say “Shabbos Hi Milizok Verefua Kerova Lavo.” This matter will be elaborated on in a further Halacha.


[1] Admur 287:1 and 3

[2] Admur 287:1; Michaber 287:1; Shabbos 12a

[3] Admur 287:3; Shabbos 12b; M”A 287:1; Elya Raba 287:1; Machazik Bracha 287:3; Shaareiy Teshuvah 187:1; Kaf Hachaim 187:6

The reason: As this may lead one to become saddened together with the patient. [Admur ibid]

[4] Admur ibid; M”A 287:1; Machazik Bracha 287:3, brought in Shaareiy Teshuvah 187:1; Kaf Hachaim 187:1

[5] Shaareiy Teshuvah 187:1; Kaf Hachaim 187:1

[6] Admur 287:1; Michaber Y.D. 335:6

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