Purim Meshulash

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Friday: Megillah-Matanos Laevyonim:[2] When the 15th[3] falls on Shabbos [for Jerusalem residents who celebrate Purim on the 15th] the Megillah is not read on Shabbos and rather is preceded to be read on Friday.[4] Likewise the gifts are given to the poor [Matanos Laevyonim] on Friday the 14th. [Al Hanissim and the Torah reading of Amalek is not recited on Friday. However Bedieved if one recited Al Hanissim he is not required to repeat the prayer.[5] A city which celebrates on the 14th and 15th due to doubt, is to recite Al Hanissim on both days.[6] On Friday the Megillah is only read with its blessings, by those which celebrate on the 15th, if there is a Minyan present. If a Minyan is not present then the Megillah is read on Friday without a blessing.[7]]

Shabbos-Torah reading-Al Hanissim:[8] On Shabbos the 15th one removes two Torah scrolls and reads the section of Amalek. Likewise Al Hanissim is said on Shabbos. [One is to discuss the laws of Purim on this Shabbos.[9]] One does not celebrate the Purim meal until Sunday.[10] [However some[11] hold that one is to celebrate the meal and give Mishloach Manos on Shabbos. Some[12] conclude that in order to fulfill the Mitzvah according to all opinions one should have a meal and give Mishloach Manos on both Shabbos and Sunday.[13]]

Sunday-Purim meal:[14] On Sunday the 16th one is to celebrate the Purim meal[15] [and give Mishloach Manos[16]].

Tachanun:[17] Tachanun is not recited on Sunday the 16th.

 

Are the cities outside Jerusalem that celebrate on the 14th to also add in celebration on Sunday the 16th?

Some Poskim[18] write that they are to increase in festivities on this day.

 

The dates of Purim Hameshulash

5765

2005

5768

2008

5781

2021

5785

2025

5805

2045

5808

2048

5812

2052

5832

2072


 

[1] 688/6; See Piskeiy Teshuvos 688/12-17 for various details on Purim Meshulash; See also Seder Purim Hameshulash of Rav Chaim Zonenfeld; Purim Hameshulash of Rav Dabelitzky

 

[2] Michaber ibid

One who did not give Matanos Laevyonim on Friday: If one did not give Matanos Laevyonim on Friday he is to give it on Sunday. [Likkutei Sichos 21 p. 490; Shulchan Menachem 3/330; Purim Hameshulash [Zonenfeld] 6; Purim Meshulash Debilitzky 2 footnote 56]

 

[3] It is however never possible for the 14th to fall on Shabbos. [M”B 688/14]

 

[4] The reason the Megillah is not read on Shabbos the 15th: As the Sages suspected that one may carry the Megillah on Shabbos in an area without an Eiruv in order for someone to read it for him. [M”B 688/15]

The reason the reading is not delayed until Sunday: The reason the reading is not delayed until Sunday is because the verse [Esther 9/27] states “Velo Yaavor”. This teaches us that the Megillah may not be read past the 15th. [See Rashi Megillah 2a “Chal Arba Asar”; Likkutei Sichos 17 p. 69]

 

[5] M”B 688/17

 

[6] M”B 688/17

 

[7] So rules Peri Chadash 690; Pnei Meivin 228; M”B 690/61

 

[8] Michaber ibid

 

[9] M”B 688/16

 

[10] Michaber ibid based on Yerushalmi; Radbaz 1/147; Magen Avraham 688/10; M”B ibid

 

[11] Maharal Chaviv based on Bavli, brought in M”A ibid and M”B ibid

 

[12] Peri Chadash brought in Shaar Hatziyon 688/30

 

[13] M”B 688/18

 

[14] Michaber ibid

 

[15] The reason: The reason for this is because the Yerushalmi learns that the meal is to be celebrated on a day that its Simcha is dependent on Beis Din and not on heaven, as is Shabbos. [M”B ibid]

 

[16] M”B 688/18

Matanos Laevyonim: The Rebbe suggested that in Jerusalem they are to repeat the giving of Matanos Laevyonim on Sunday. [Likkutei Sichos 21 p. 490; Shulchan Menachem 3/330; See also Purim Hameshulash [Zonenfeld] 6; Purim Meshulash Debilitzky 2 footnote 56]

 

[17] Piskeiy Teshuvos 693/7

 

[18] Nimukeiy Orach Chaim 688/6; Piskeiy Teshuvos 696/4; See Shulchan Menachem 3/331 from Likkutei Sichos 21 p. 490

 

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