Daily Chumash Sunday, Yisro: Yisro and family arrive


Parshas Yisro

Pesukim: 72 [Siman:יונדב]

Haftorah: Yeshayahu 6:1-13[1]



Number of Mitzvos:

There are a total of Seventeen Mitzvos in Parshas Yisro. Three positive commands and Fourteen negative commands.

A. Positive commands:

1. Mitzvah 25/Positive 12: To believe that the world has one G-d who created all the creations, and that He lived and will live forever, and that He took us out of Egypt and gave us the Torah.

2. Mitzvah 31/Positive 13: To sanctify the Shabbos in words by its entrance and exit.

3. Mitzvah 33/Positive 14: To honor one’s father and mother.


B. Negative commands:

1.      Mitzvah 26/Negative 14: Not to believe in any deity other than Hashem.

2.      Mitzvah 27/Negative 15: Not to make or manufacture idols.

3.      Mitzvah 28/Negative 16: Not to bow/prostrate to an idol.

4.      Mitzvah 29/Negative 17: Not to worship an idol in any of the ways that it is worshiped.

5.      Mitzvah 30/Negative 18: Not to swear in vain using G-d’s name.

6.      Mitzvah 32/Negative 19: Not to do Melacha on Shabbos, not us, our children, slaves or animals.

7.      Mitzvah 34/Negative 20: Not to murder.

8.      Mitzvah 35/Negative 21: Not to commit adultery with a married woman.

9.      Mitzvah 36/Negative 22: Not to kidnap a Jew.

10.  Mitzvah 37/Negative 23: Not to testify falsely.

11.  Mitzvah 38/Negative 24: Not to covet another’s item, such as his house, and contemplate doing actions to take it into his possession.

12.  Mitzvah 39/Negative 25: Not to make sculptures of humans.

13.  Mitzvah 40/Negative 26: Not to build the altar using stones that have touched iron, such as if they have been hewed using iron.

14.  Mitzvah 41/Negative 27: Not to use steps to walk onto the altar.


  1. Yisro and family arrive:
  • Yisro, and Moshe’s wife/kids travel to him: Yisro the priest of Midian, the father-in-law of Moshe, heard all that Hashem did for Moshe and the Jewish people in taking them out of Mitzrayim. Yisro took with him Tzipporah, Moshe’s wife, and her two sons Gershom and Eliezer.
  • The names of Moshe’s sons: Gershom was named after the fact that Moshe lived in a foreign land, and Eliezer was named after the fact that Hashem helped Moshe and saved him from the sword of Pharaoh.
  • The meeting and subsequent meal: Yisro and family arrived at the desert, by Mount Sinai. Moshe went out to greet them after Yisro informed him of their arrival. They exchanged greetings and Moshe told Yisro all that occurred in Egypt and after their escape. Yisro rejoiced from hearing all the things Hashem did for the Jewish people, having saved them from the hands of Egypt. Yisro blessed Hashem, thanking Him for what He did, and exclaiming that now he knows that Hashem is greater than all deities. Yisro then brought offerings to Hashem, and Aaron and all the elders of the Jewish people sat for a meal with Yisro.

[1] So is followed by Sepharadi communities and Chabad. However, Ashkenazi communities read until verse 7:6 and also add 9:5-6

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