Disowning ones produce

Disowning the Shemitah produce of one’s land:[1]

Every owner that contains a Kedushas Shemitah product in his field must disown the product and give entrance for all people to be able to come and partake from the food.

Vegetables: Fields of vegetables which grew during the 6th year must be disowned during Shemitah.

 

Q&A

May the food be eaten if it was not disowned and was rather guarded from people?

Some Poskim[2] rule the produce is forbidden to be eaten. Others[3] rule the produce is permitted to be eaten. Practically one may be lenient to allow the produce to be eaten.[4]

 

How to be Mafkir the produce:

Some Poskim[5] rule that the owner of the Shemitah produce must disown it verbally. Others[6] rule there is no need to do so and the produce is considered automatically disowned.

 

Must one remove tithes from Shemitah produce that was not disowned?

Some Poskim[7] rule that all Shemitah produce that was not disowned as required by law must have their tithes removed. Others[8] rule that it is not necessary to tithe any Shemitah produce even if it was not disowned. Practically the tithes are to be removed without a blessing.[9]


[1] Rambam 4/24

[2] Rabbeinu Tam; Razah; Raavad

[3] Rashi; Rabbeinu Shimshon; Ramban; Rashba; Chinuch

[4] Ridbaz 4/4; Toras Hashemitah 10/36

[5] Avkas Rochel 24

[6] See Shenas Sheva 4/22

[7] Beis Yosef

[8] Mabit

[9] Gra”ch Naah

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