Blood Colors

Blood colors:[1]

In all cases that the sight of blood deems the woman impure one must verify whether or not a found color is Halachically defined as blood. Certain colors are automatically deemed as blood colors while others are questionable. In all cases of a questionable color, one must bring the color to an expert Rav to analyze and determine whether she is pure or not. One may not rule on his own whether a certain color is pure until he has personally learned how to do so from a Rav expert in these matters.[2] It is likewise forbidden for one to be stringent and impurify a questionable color in order to avoid bringing the question to a Rav.[3] The most prominent colors held in question which must be shown to an expert Rav are colors that can be viewed to have a reddish tint. In all cases, the color must be shown to the Rav even if only a minute area of the color is questionable, while the remainder is of a Kosher color.

The following are the shades of color and their Halachic status:

  • Pure colors:
  1. Bright Yellow [like of an egg yolk or Esrog][4]
  2. white,
  3. green
  4. blue
  • Impure colors:
  1. Black. All shades of black are impure colors. This includes colors that have a black tint, or shade, even if it is a very light color.[5]
  2. Red. Includes colors that have a red tint or shade even if it is a very light color.[6]
  • Questionable-Ask Rav:
  1. Brown:[7] The color brown, which is similar to the color of the coffee bean, is a dispute in Poskim as to its status. Some Poskim[8] rule brown is an impure color. Other Poskim[9] rule brown is a pure color.
  2. gray with blackish tint,
  3. dark yellow


[1] Shulchan Aruch Chapter 188:1; Taharah Kehalacha 6; Kitzur 1:6

[2] Taharah Kehalacha 6:2

[3] Taharah Kehalacha 6:3

[4] Taharah Kehalacha 6 Supplements 1; See there regarding the Hefsek Taharah that some are stringent by bright yellow, although most are lenient and so is the practical custom.

[5] Admur 188:2; Taharah Kehalacha 6:1; See Nitei Gavriel 116:10

Other opinions: Some Poskim rule that a shade which tints to black but is not black is pure. [Sidrei Taharah 166]

[6] Taharah Kehalacha 6:1

[7] See Taharah Kehalacha 6:2; Nitei Gavriel 116:1-5

[8] Lechem Vesimla 188:2; Salmos Binyamin 10; Beis Shlomo 2:4; Teshuras Shaiy 1:136

[9] Sidrei Tahara 188:1; Yaavetz 1:44; Chochmas Adam 111:1; Taharas Yisrael 188:2

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