Mikveh on Erev Shabbos

Going to Mikveh on Erev Shabbos:[1]

It is a great Mitzvah to immerse in a Mikveh on Erev Shabbos, and so is the Chabad custom.[2] Immersing before Shabbos draws down the holiness of Shabbos onto one’s soul.[3] Regarding Erev Yom Tov, even one who is not particular to go to Mikveh on Erev Shabbos is obligated to immerse on Erev Yom Tov.[4]


Background of immersion on Erev Shabbos:

  • Immersing on Erev Shabbos is recorded in Rishonim [Sefer HaManhig “One who immerses in honor of Shabbos and Yom Tov is not to recite a blessing”]
  • And Sifrei Kabalah [Arizal in Shaar Hakavanos brought in Kaf Hachayim 260/6-7 and M”A 285/1; Reishis Chochmah Shaar Hakedusha 7/119; Shelah Miseches Shabbos; Or Tzaddikim 28; Seder Hayom]
  • And so is brought in Poskim [Birkeiy Yosef 260/3; Kitzur SHU”A 72/12; Aruch Hashulchan 260/1 and 242/41; M”B 551/95; Chayeh Adam in Zichro Toras Moshe 1/2]
  • Immersing before Shabbos is a tradition which was handed down from the Baal Shem Tov. [Sefer Haminhagim p. 50, Vetzaruch Iyun on the reason this is traced to the Baal Shem Tov if so many other previous sources exist for this custom]

[1] Ketzos Hashulchan 73 footnote 1

[2] Sefer Haminhagim p. 50 [English edition]

[3] Resihsi Chochmah ibid; Aruch Hashulchan 260/1

[4] In order to purify oneself for the holiday. [Mateh Efrayim 625/15]

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