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- Background of Pesach Sheiyni:
- In the times of the Temple, a person who did not bring the Pesach offering in the 14th of Nissan, either due to being impure or due to being a distance from Jerusalem, was required to bring the offering a month later, on the 14th of Iyar. [Accordingly, it is customary to celebrate this day as a Holiday.]
- Tachanun [and Lamnatzeiach and Keil Erech Apayim] is omitted on Pesach Sheiyni, which is the 14th of Iyar. It is however recited the Mincha prior, on the 13th of Iyar.
- Thus when the 13th falls on Shabbos, Tzidkascha is recited by Mincha.
- Tachanun is likewise omitted on the night of the 14th in Kerias Shema Sheal Hamita.
- It is questionable whether it is to be recited on Motzei Pesach Sheiyni, which is the night of the 15th. [However, on the day of the 15th Tachanun is recited.]
- Eulogy/Hesped:One does not say a Hesped on any day that Tachanun is omitted unless the person is a Torah Sage, and his body is present at the time of the Hesped.
- Tziduk Hadin: One does not say Tziduk Hadin, or the Kaddish that follows it, on any day that Tachanun is omitted, [unless the person is a Torah Sage].
- Erev Pesach Sheiyni: It is permitted to eulogize and say Tziduk Hadin on Erev Pesach Sheiyni even past midday.
- One is not to fast on Pesach Sheiyni, as is the law regarding any day in which Tachanun is omitted. This applies even if the fasts of Bahab fall on this day. Some Poskim however allow fasting on this day, especially if the fast of Bahab falls on the 14th of Iyar.
- It is customary to eat Matzah in honor of Pesach Sheiyni.
- When? Many are accustomed to eat Matzah on Pesach Sheiyni, on the day of the 14th of Iyar. Some are accustomed to eat it towards the afternoon. Others are accustomed to eat Matzah [only or also] on Motzei Pesach Sheiyni, which is the night of the 15th of Iyar. Others eat on the night of the 14th. Those that are most scrupulous eat Matzah all three times.
- The Chabad custom: Our custom is to eat Matzah during the day meal of the 14th of Iyar. The Rebbe himself however ate the Matzah many years on the night of the 15th. This custom is also mentioned in talks of the Rebbe. As stated above, the Rebbe states that those who are meticulous eat Matzah three times, once on the night of the 14th, once by the day of the 14th, and once on Motzei the 14th.
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