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General Q&A on the Megillah
Who wrote the Megillah?
The Megillah was written by Mordechai. Some write that the Megillah was written by the Persians. This however is not to be taken literally, and rather it means that when it was written, it was written in a way that took into account that the Persians would create a translated copy.
The reason for this is because the Megillah was originally also written in Persian, by the Empire of Achashveirosh, and the Sages did not desire the Persians to exchange G-d’s name in their translation, for the name of their deity. It was hence omitted all together. Nevertheless Hashem’s name is hinted to in seven different areas. In seven areas of the Megillah there are a set of four words in which the first letter of each word when combined, spells out the name Yud Kei Vav Kei. The Midrash states that in all those areas that it says Hamelech without mentioning Achashveirosh, it refers also to Hashem, as will be explained next. It also states that the name Achashveirosh refers to Hashem, as it stands for that the beginning and end belong to Him. See Sparks of Chassidus brought below!
Who does the word Hamelech refer to in the Megillah?
The Midrash states that in all those areas that it says Hamelech without mentioning Achashveirosh, it refers also to Hashem. Thus for example when it says that the king took advice with his advisors, also above Hashem took advice with the supernal angels.
Why was the Megillah named after Esther and not Mordechai?
Although Esther was constantly encouraged and guided by Mordechai throughout the Purim story, nevertheless the Megillah is called by her name, as she acted with her own strengths to bring about the Purim miracle. Mordechai simply aroused her innate qualities which accomplished the Purim miracles. Likewise, it was specifically Esther that sent the Megillah to the Sages for their consent and persuaded them in authorizing it for all generations.
Will the Megillah of Esther exist also after Moshiach comes?
All the Sefarim of the prophets and scriptures will be nullified in Yemos Hamoshiach, with exception to Megillas Esther. Megillas Esther will exist just like the five books of Moses and the laws of Torah Shebaal Peh, which will never be nullified. [This does not mean that the other books of prophets and scripture will not be in existence, Heaven forbid, but rather that the G-dly revelation in the times of the redemption will make the revelation of these books unapparent. However the revelation of the book of Esther is so great that it will even shine within the light experienced by the redemption.]
Sparks of Chassidus
Why was Hashem’s name not written in the Megillah
Hashem’s name is not written in the Megillah being that in truth the Megillah is connected to a level of G-dliness that surpasses the revelation of G-d found within His names. The Megillah is connected to G-d Himself. The Jewish people merited to attach to Hashem’s essence through their Mesirus Nefesh during the year of the decree. Thus the revelation of Elokus found in the Megillah is higher than all the other names of Hashem.
 Even Ezra Hakdama Esther
 Maharsha Chulin 129b
 Reshimos 6/8
 Admur 334/12; Taz 334/11 in name of Mordechai; Even Ezra in his commentary on Megillah; See also Kedushas Levi.
 See Elya Raba 690/19; Siddur Yaavetz; Piskeiy Teshuvos 690/6
 Mechir Yayin of Rama 1/13
 Maoreiy Or Erech Alef 182 in name of Midrash
 Mechir Yayin of Rama 1/13
 Esther Raba 3/10; Yalkut Shimoni 1057; Zohar 3 p. 119a; See Toras Menachem 1953 2/27
 Hisvadyus 1983 2 p. 1204
 Rambam Hilchos Megillah 2/12; Masas Moshe 9/28; See Likkutei Sichos 26/221 for a lengthy discussion on the source of this matter
 Torah Or Esther 1st Mamar; Sefer Hasichos 1990 p. 347
 Torah Or p. 100; Likkutei Sichos 21/201