From the Rav’s Desk: Wind extinguished candles

Question: [Sunday, 27th Kisleiv 5781]

After I lit my candles outside on Erev Shabbos a wind came and blew them out within ½ hour from after sunset. Did I fulfill my obligation?


Initially, one may not light the candles in a windy area that can potentially extinguish the candle, and if one did so then he only fulfills his obligation if it remained lit for ½ hour at least after sunset, otherwise it is subject to a debate in Poskim. If, however, one lit it in a safe area and then an unexpected wind came and extinguished it, then one nonetheless fulfills his obligation.

Sources: See Michaber 680:1 regarding Shabbos; Peri Chadash 672:2; Peri Chadash 680; M”B 680:1; Shulchan Gavoa 680:1; Ruach Chaim in name of Rosh Yosef; Kaf Hachaim 680:1; M”A 673:12; Taz end of 673; Elya Raba 673:14; Kneses Hagedola 673; Chayeh Adam 154:22; Ateres Zekeinim 680; Kaf Hachaim 673:54; M”B 673:25; Shaar Hatziyon 673:30 in name of Peri Megadim

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