Acharei Mos-Mitzvos & Outline

Chapter 1: The Mitzvos

Number of Mitzvos:

There are a total of 28 Mitzvos in Parshas Achraei Mos; 2 positive commands and 26 negative commands. The following are the commands in the chronological order that they are brought in the Parsha.

 

  1. Positive:
  2. Mitzvah 184; Positive 90: For the Kohen Gadol to perform all the duties of Yom Kippur regarding the Karbanos and Seder Avoda.
  3. Mitzvah 185; Positive 91: To cover the blood of a slaughtered Chayah and bird.

 

  1. Negative:
  2. Mitzvah 186; Negative 95: A Kohen may not enter the Kodesh whenever he desires, with exception to the times of Avoda.
  3. Mitzvah 187; Negative 96: Not to slaughter Kodshim outside the Azara.
  4. Mitzvah 188; Negative 97: Not to have pleasure with an Erva, such as hugging and kissing.
  5. Mitzvah 189; Negative 98: Not to reveal the Erva of one’s father.
  6. Mitzvah 190; Negative 99: Not to reveal the Erva of one’s mother.
  7. Mitzvah 191; Negative 100: Not to reveal the Erva of one’s father’s wife.
  8. Mitzvah 192; Negative 101: Not to reveal the Erva of one’s sister, even if not from father’s wife.
  9. Mitzvah 193; Negative 102: Not to reveal the Erva of one’s granddaughter, son’s daughter.
  10. Mitzvah 194; Negative 103: Not to reveal the Erva of one’s granddaughter, daughter’s daughter.
  11. Mitzvah 195; Negative 104: Not to reveal the Erva of one’s daughter.
  12. Mitzvah 196; Negative 105: Not to reveal the Erva of one’s sister if she is father’s wife’s daughter.
  13. Mitzvah 197; Negative 106: Not to reveal the Erva of one’s father’s sister.
  14. Mitzvah 198; Negative 107: Not to reveal the Erva of one’s mother’s sister.
  15. Mitzvah 299; Negative 108: Not to reveal the Erva of one’s father’s brother.
  16. Mitzvah 200; Negative 109: Not to reveal the Erva of one’s father’s brother’s wife.
  17. Mitzvah 201; Negative 110: Not to reveal the Erva of one’s son’s wife.
  18. Mitzvah 202; Negative 111: Not to reveal the Erva of one’s brother’s wife.
  19. Mitzvah 203; Negative 112: Not to reveal the Erva of a mother and daughter if married to one of them.
  20. Mitzvah 204; Negative 113: Not to reveal the Erva of a mother and her granddaughter, daughter of son, if married to one of them.
  21. Mitzvah 205; Negative 114: Not to reveal the Erva of a mother and her granddaughter, daughter of daughter, if married to one of them.
  22. Mitzvah 206; Negative 115: Not to reveal the Erva of one’s wife’s sister.
  23. Mitzvah 207; Negative 116: Not to reveal the Erva of a Nida.
  24. Mitzvah 208; Negative 117: Not to give one’s offspring to Moleich.
  25. Mitzvah 209; Negative 118: Not to sleep with a male.
  26. Mitzvah 210; Negative 119: For a man not to sleep with an animal.
  27. Mitzvah 211; Negative 120: For a woman not to sleep with an animal.

 

Chapter 2: Outline of the Parsha

Pesukim: 80

Rishon:

  1. Death of Ahron sons:
  • The Torah recounts the death of Ahron’s sons and the commands Hashem told Moshe as a result.

 

  1. The Avoda of Yom Kippur:
  • Ahron may only enter the Kodesh when the cloud is on the Kapores.
  • He is to bring a cow as a Chatas and a ram as an Oleh when he enters the Kodesh.
  • He is to wear four linen garments during the service and is to immerse in a Mikveh prior to doing so.
  • The nation is to bring to Ahron two goat offerings as a Chatas and a single ram as an Oleh.
  • Ahron is to offer his cow as a Chatas and atone for himself and family.
  • The two goats are to be placed before the Ohel Moed.
  • A raffle is to be made and one goat is to go to Hashem and the second to Azazel.
  • The goat which came out to Hashem is to be offered as a Chatas.
  • The Azazel goat is to be sent to the desert.
  • The cow of Ahron is to be offered.
  • Coals and Ketores is to be brought to the Paroches.
  • The Ketores is to be placed on the coals before Hashem.
  • The blood of the cow is to be sprinkled with his finger seven times onto the Paroches.
  • The goat which came out to Hashem is to be offered as a Chatas and its blodd sprinkled seven times by the Paroches.
  • This procedure is followed in order to purify and atone for the Kodesh.
  • No person is to be in the Ohel Moed when the Kohen enters into the Kodesh.

 

 

Sheiyni:

  • The blood of the goat and cow is to be placed on the corners of the Mizbeiach.
  • The blood is to be sprinkled seven times on the Mizbeiach.
  • The live goat is to be brought to Ahron. He is to lean on it and confess. The goat is then sent with an escort to the desert. The goat carries all the sins of the Jewish people.
  • Ahron is to change his clothing and offer his Olah and the Olah of the nation.

 

Shelishi:

  • The Cheliv of the Chatas is to be offered to the altar.
  • The escort of the Azazal goat is to wash his clothing and immerse, prior to entering the camp.
  • The cow and goat Chatas are to be taken outside of the camp and burnt.
  • The one who burns the cow/goat is to wash his clothing and immerse, prior to entering the camp.
  • This Avoda is to be done in the 7th month, on the 10th day of the month.
  • On this day everyone is to oppress himself.
  • On this day no Melacha may be performed by anyone.
  • On this day Hashem atones our sins.
  • It is a double Shabbos, a day of oppressment, forever.
  • The Kohen Gadol is to perform the above service each year.

 

Revi’i:

  1. Not to offer a sacrifice outside of the Temple:
  • One who does not bring the offering to the Temple is liable for Kares.

 

 

Chamishi:

  1. Prohibition against eating blood:
  • One who eats blood is liable for excision.
  • The spirit is found in the blood.

 

  1. Mitzvah to cover blood:
  • One is to cover with earth the blood of a Chayah and bird.

 

  1. Tuma:
  • One who eats a Neveila or Treifa becomes impure, and requires purification.

 

  1. Not to follow the gentiles:
  • One is not to follow the ways of the Egyptians or Cannanites. One is not to go in their statutes.

 

Shishi:

 

  1. The prohibition of Arayaos:
  • One is not to come close to a relative.
  • Not to reveal the Erva of one’s father or mother
  • Not to reveal the Erva of one’s father’s wife.
  • Not to reveal the Erva of one’s sister.
  • Not to reveal the Erva of one’s granddaughter.
  • Not to reveal the Erva of one’s sister if she is father’s wife’s daughter.
  • Not to reveal the Erva of one’s father’s sister.
  • Not to reveal the Erva of one’s mother’s sister.
  • Not to reveal the Erva of one’s father’s brother or his wife.
  • Not to reveal the Erva of one’s daughter in-law.
  • Not to reveal the Erva of one’s brother’s wife.
  • Not to reveal the Erva of a mother and daughter or granddaughter.
  • Not to reveal the Erva of one’s wife’s sister.
  • Not to reveal the Erva of a Nida.
  • Not to sleep with another man’s wife.
  • Not to give one’s offspring to Moleich.

  

Shevi’i

  • Not to sleep with a male.
  • For a man not to sleep with an animal.
  • For a woman not to sleep with an animal.

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