Blowing without a minyan

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If one is blowing Shofar on Rosh Hashanah without a Minyan in order to fulfill the Mitzvah, he is to beware to delay the blowing of the Shofar until three hours have passed from the beginning of the day.[2] [Some Poskim[3] write that in today’s times it is proper not to blow the Shofar even with a Minyan until after three hours have passed.]


[1] 591/14; M”A 591/9; M”B 591/15; Kaf Hachaim 591/36

[2] The reason: The reason for this is because within the first three hours of the day G-D does not judge beyond the letter of the law, as during this time He learns His Torah which is called Truth [and thus judges people in accordance to Truth]. There is thus to worry that perhaps the supernal courts will investigate his actions and his prayers [Tekios] will be denied. However after three hours into the day He judges the entire world and once He sees that the world cannot up stand to His judgment He therefore judges them in a manner of above the letter of the law, and the individuals prayer will not be differed. [ibid]

[3] Machazik Bracha 588/1; Mateh Efraim 588/2; Kaf Hachaim 588/6

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