May a woman or child write a Megillah

May a woman write a Megillah?[1]
Some Poskim[2] rule a woman is valid to write a Megillah, and one may thus even initially read the Megillah from a Megillah written by a woman.[3] Other Poskim[4] rule a woman is invalid to write a Megillah. [Practically, one is not to initially use a Megillah written by a woman to fulfill the Mitzvah of Megillah reading, although in a time of need one may read from it without a blessing.[5] Even in such a case, if another Megillah written by a man later becomes available, one is to read from it without a blessing.[6]]

May a child below Bar Mitzvah write a Megillah?[7]
Some Poskim[8] rule a child is valid to write a Megillah.[9] Other Poskim[10] rule a child is invalid to write a Megillah. [Practically, one is not to initially use a Megillah written by a child to fulfill the Mitzvah of Megillah reading, although in a time of need one may read from it without a blessing.[11] Even in such a case, if another Megillah written by a man later becomes available, one is to read from it without a blessing.[12]]

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[1] See Shaareiy Teshuvah 690/1; Kol Yaakov 690/6; See Admur 39/1 regarding Tefillin

[2] Peri Chadash 690/3; Mateh Yehuda 690/2; Machazik Bracha 690/2; Beis Oveid 6

[3] The reason: As women are obligated in the Mitzvah of Kerias Megillah and there is thus no reason to invalidate them from writing it. [Beis Oved ibid]

[4] Maaseh Rokeiach on Rambam Megillah 1; Mileches Shamayim 24/3                                                

[5] See Shaareiy Teshuvah and Kol Yaakov ibid

[6] Shaareiy Teshuvah and Kol Yaakov ibid

[7] See Shaareiy Teshuvah 690/1; Kol Yaakov 690/6

[8] Peri Chadash 690/3; Mateh Yehuda 690/2; Machazik Bracha 690/2

[9] The reason: As a child is Rabbinically obligated in the Mitzvah of Kerias Megillah and there is thus no reason to invalidate them from writing it. [Beis Oved ibid]

[10] Maaseh Rokeiach on Rambam Megillah 1; Mileches Shamayim 24/3                                                

[11] Beis Oved 6, brought in Kol Yaakov ibid

[12] Shaareiy Teshuvah and Kol Yaakov ibid

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