Introduction-The Torah verses:
The Torah commands us that every seventh year one must sanctify the year as Shemitah. The Shemitah year entails a number of laws and regulations that relate to one’s land, ground produce, and loans. One is commanded to rest the land. One may not sow the field or prune the vineyards. One may not harvest the land regularly. The food is to be distributed equally to all, including animals. It is to be completely disowned for all to partake in. If these laws are guarded Hashem promises that the land will produce three years worth of produce in the 6th year. The lack of properly keeping the Shemitah laws is severely punished with exile from the land. One is also commanded in the Shemitah year to annul all loans that he is owed by other Jews.