Doesn’t know how to blow a sound

Previous: [1]

The sounds of the Tekiah and [the middle sound of] Teruah [or Shevarim] invalidate each other [if one of them is not sounded]. Thus if one knows how to blow the Tekiah but does not know how to blow [neither] the Teruah [or the Shevarim] then he should not blow at all.[2] If however one knows how to blow the Teruah but does not know how to blow the Shevarim then he should blow the set of Teruah three times [Tarat 3x]. Similarly if he knows how to blow the Shevarim but does not know how to blow the Teruah then he should blow the set of Shevarim three times [Tashat 3x].[3] [However in such a case one does not recite a blessing prior to the blowing.[4] The same applies to one that does not have enough breath to blow more than one set.[5]]


[1] 593/3; Michaber 593/2

[2] The reason: As there is no Mitzvah involved in simply blowing a Tekiah or Teruah or Shevarim as the Mitzvah is to blow a Tekiah and then a Teruah or Shevarim and then a Tekiah, as explained in 590/1. [Admur ibid]

[3] The reason: As perhaps the Shevarim or Teruah is the correct middle blow of the Torah and hence he fully fulfills the Mitzvah by blowing it. [Admur ibid; M”A 593/3]

If one knows Tashrat: See Michaber ibid that writes “if one knows how to blow Tashrat but not Tashat and Tarat”; The Mefarshim discuss the obvious question on this wording as certainly if he knows Tashrat he knows the other blows. Various answers are given to this question: 1) The Michaber means to say he does not know how to blow Tashrat in one breath [Taz 593/6] 2) He is unable to blow more than Tashrat. [M”A 593/3] See Nehar Shalom 593; Mamar Mordechai 593/1; Kaf Hachaim 593/6; To note that Admur completely negates this issue and omits the set of Tashrat form this Halacha.

[4] M”E 593/2; Biur Halacha 593; Kaf Hachaim 593/5

[5] M”A 593/3

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