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May one cut his nail when Rosh Chodesh falls on Erev Shabbos?
Normally, one may not cut their nails on Rosh Chodesh. However, when Rosh Chodesh falls on Erev Shabbos, some Poskim rule it is permitted to cut the nails on Erev Shabbos Rosh Chodesh, and so is the implied opinion of Admur. Other Poskim, however, rule one may not cut the nails on Rosh Chodesh even when it falls on Erev Shabbos. [Practically, one who cuts his nails on every Erev Shabbos may be lenient to do so also on Erev Shabbos Rosh Chodesh. Likewise, one with very long nails may be lenient to cut them. However, some Poskim conclude that initially it is proper to cut the nails on Thursday, or Wednesday if Rosh Chodesh falls on Thursday-Friday, and hence avoid entering the dispute.]
 See Piskeiy Teshuvos 260:10
 Kneses Hagedola 260 writes “forbidden”, however the wording in Rav Yehuda Hachassid ibid and Beir Heiytiv is “One may not”; In Admur ibid the wording is simply that “Some places are accustomed” however this is referring to Erev Shabbos and not to every Rosh Chodesh.
 Rav Yehuda Hachassid 49; brought in: Olas Shabbos 260:1; Beir Heiytiv 260:2; Kneses Hagedola 260; omitted from Admur 260:1 and M”A 260:1; The Ketzos Hashulchan 73 footnote 4 questions as to why no mention of this is made by them. See however Shaar Hakolel in Nesiv Hachaim 48:3; Shivim Temarim 57 who explain Admur omitted it because on Erev Shabbos it is Mitzvah to cut the nails even when it coincides with Rosh Chodesh. However, on a non-Erev Shabbos Rosh Chodesh he would agree that one may not cut the nails. See next!
 The reason: As Rav Yehudah Hachasid warned that doing so involves danger. [Admur ibid; Beir Heiytiv ibid; See Likkutei Sichos 13:264]
 Tehila Ledavid 260:1; Shaar Hakolel in Nesiv Hachaim 48:3; Shivim Temarim 57 as is the simple implication of the Kneses Hagedola ibid, Beir Heiytiv ibid, Elya Raba ibid, M”A ibid, and Admur ibid who all omit the custom to avoid cutting nails when mentioning the custom to avoid cutting hair on Erev Shabbos Rosh Chodesh [However, see Ketzos Hashulchan 72 footnote 4 who leaves the opinion of Admur on this matter in question.]; Opinions brought in footnotes on the Tzavah ibid; See Minchas Shabbos 72:66; Alef Hamagen 12; Maharam Brisk 2:99; Meishiv Halacha 2:4; Kitzur Hilchos Shabbos-Supplements
The reason: The reason some have the custom not to cut their hair on Rosh Chodesh even when it falls on Erev Shabbos, despite the fact that it is a Mitzvah to get a haircut on Erev Shabbos, is because one is not obligated to cut his hair every Erev Shabbos. However, being it is a Mitzvah to cut the nails on every Erev Shabbos [see wording of Admur ibid], one is allowed to cut his nails even on Erev Shabbos Rosh Chodesh, as one who fulfills a Mitzvah will know no harm. It thus seems that no such custom exists against cutting the nails on Erev Shabbos Rosh Chodesh and they should therefore be cut in honor of Shabbos. [Shivim Temarim ibid]
 Derech Hachaim Dinei Erev Shabbos; Ashel Avraham Butchach Tinyana 417; Mili Dechassidusa 57; Kitzur SHU”A 72:14; Aruch Hashulchan 260:6; M”B 260:7 “There are communities who do not cut their hair or nails on Rosh Chodesh even when it falls on Shabbos”; Likkutei Maharich “It is difficult to do an action against the great Poskim”; Kaf Hachaim 260:12 allows only cutting the nails that stretch past the skin; Piskeiy Teshuvos 260:10 “Initially one is certainly to suspect for the ruling of these Poskim”; See Shaareiy Teshuvah 260:1 in name of Machazik Bracha 260; Ketzos Hashulchan 72 footnote 4 leaves this matter in question
 Shivim Temarim ibid; Orchos Chaim Spinka 260:3 in name of Alef Hamagen 12 and Piskeiy Teshuvos ibid that if one forgot to cut them on Thursday/Wednesday, one may cut them on Erev Shabbos in such a case even if he only cuts his nails every other Shabbos; Vetzaruch Iyun if the lenient Poskim above [i.e. Nesiv Hachaim, Tehila Ledavid] agree with this and limit their allowance only to one who is always particular to cut his nails on Erev Shabbos, as on the other hand their reason of Shomer Mitzvah should apply in all cases. On the other hand, if so, then even haircuts should be allowed. Vetzaruch Iyun.
 Mili Dechassidusa ibid; Kaf Hachaim ibid; Piskeiy Teshuvos ibid
 Shivim Temarim ibid “In my opinion, if one forgot or could not cut his nails before Friday…..In my opinion, one is to initially cut it on Thursday and not Wednesday in order so it be as apparent as possible that he is doing so Lekavod Shabbos…There is no need to worry in such a case to those who are particular to not cut them on Thursday.”; Shaareiy Teshuvah 260:1 in name of Machazik Bracha 260; Ashel Avraham Butchach Tinyana 417; Mili Dechassidusa 57; Darkei Chaim Veshalom 394; Az Nidbaru 12:4; Piskeiy Teshuvos 260:10; Vetzaruch Iyun if the lenient Poskim above [i.e. Nesiv Hachaim, Tehila Ledavid] agree with this and rule that initially one should cut it before Erev Shabbos.