Buying, Wearing & Sewing new clothing

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Buying, wearing and making new clothing:

  • Buying new clothing:

Between the 17th of Tammuz and Rosh Chodesh Av:[1] It is good[2] to beware not to recite Shehechiyanu over new clothing during the three weeks.[3] Accordingly, it is forbidden to buy or wear new clothing during the three weeks, if they require a blessing of Shehechiyanu.[4] [This applies even to used clothing.[5] However, today that we are no longer accustomed to say Shehechiyanu over clothing, it is permitted from the letter of the law to purchase new clothing until Rosh Chodesh Av.[6] Practically, the Poskim[7] conclude that although today we no longer recite the blessing of Shehechiyanu over clothing, one is not to buy clothing throughout the entire period of the three weeks.[8] This certainly applies to expensive clothing such as suits and jackets and the like. However, regarding all non-important clothing, such as shoes, undergarments [i.e. socks, undershirt, underwear, Kipa] they may be bought up until Rosh Chodesh Av.[9]  Furthermore, some Poskim[10] rule one may purchase even shirts and pants, until the nine days, and that so is the custom.]

Buying clothing during the nine days: It is forbidden to buy any clothing during the nine days, even undergarments and even if one does not plan to wear the clothing until after Tisha B’av. See Chapter 3 Halacha 11 for the full details of this matter.

Summary:

One may purchase inexpensive, and unimportant garments up until Rosh Chodesh Av. From Rosh Chodesh, and throughout the period of the nine days, one may not purchase even simple, unimportant, garments. Important or expensive garments may not be purchased starting from the 17th of Tammuz until the conclusion of the three weeks.

Q&A

May a Chasan/Kallah purchase clothing of importance during the three weeks for the sake of his wedding?[11]

A Chasan and Kallah who are scheduled to get married after Tisha B’av may purchase new garments throughout the three-week period.[12] This applies even to garments of importance. This however only applies if the Chasan does not yet have children, and has hence not yet performed the Mitzvah of Peru Urevu. However, some Poskim[13] are stringent in this matter. Likewise, some Poskim[14] limit this allowance to only a case that one will be unable to make the garment after Tisha B’av.

May one order clothing during the three weeks if it will only arrive to his home after Tisha B’av?

Yes.[15] However, some Poskim[16] rule one may not do so during the nine days.

May one buy important clothing if they are on sale and will not be available for the same price after Tisha B’av?[17]

If there is a sale on clothing during the three weeks, and the sale will not be available after Tisha B’av, it is permitted to buy the clothing even during the nine days. [However, one should not wear the clothing.]

 

May one buy an important clothing if he will be leaving town, and will be unable to purchase it after Tisha B’av?[18]

Yes.

May a merchant order clothing for his store during the three weeks?[19]

Yes.

  • Wearing new clothing:[20]

From the 17th of Tammuz until Rosh Chodesh Av: Wearing new clothing between the 17th of Tammuz and Rosh Chodesh Av follows the same ruling as buying new clothing during this time.[21] [Thus, important clothing is not to be worn, while simple clothing, such as undergarments and possibly even pants and shirts, may be worn. From the letter of the law, since we are no longer accustomed today to say Shehechiyanu over new clothing, it should be permitted to wear new clothing up until Rosh Chodesh Av.[22] Practically, however, the Poskim[23] rule one is not to wear new clothing of importance even if he does not need to recite Shehechiyanu over it [i.e. he already recited it during the purchase, prior to the three weeks, or is accustomed to never say Shehechiyanu].

During the nine days:[24] It is forbidden to wear new clothing, during the nine days. This prohibition applies even against wearing new shoes [and undergarments]. See Chapter 3 Halacha 11 for the full details of this matter.

On Shabbos: Some Poskim[25] rule it is permitted to wear new clothing on Shabbos, up until Rosh Chodesh Av. Other Poskim[26] rule it is forbidden to do so, and so is the final ruling. This applies even if one will not be reciting Shehechiyanu on the clothing

 

Q&A

For how long is a clothing defined as new?[27]

Once a clothing has been worn even one time, it is no longer defined as new and may be worn during the nine days.

 

May a Bar Mitzvah Bochur wear new clothing on his Bar Mitzvah?

He may not wear new clothing on the day of his Bar Mitzvah.[28] However, some Poskim[29] rule that he may wear the new clothing on the Shabbos before he becomes Bar Mitzvah, even if it is Shabbos Chazon, and he is then permitted to wear it on his Bar Mitzvah, even during the nine days.

  • Making, Mending & Sewing Clothing:

Until the nine days:[30] It is permitted to fix and mend clothing from the 17th of Tammuz until the start of the nine days. It is even permitted to make new clothing until this time.

During the nine days: It is forbidden to make new clothing during the nine days, as explained in Chapter 3 Halacha 6-See there!

Summary:

One may purchase and wear inexpensive, and unimportant garments up until Rosh Chodesh Av. From Rosh Chodesh, and throughout the period of the nine days, one may not purchase or wear even simple, unimportant, garments. Important or expensive garments may not be purchased starting from the 17th of Tammuz until the conclusion of the three weeks.

 

Q&A

May one who only owns one set of a certain garment purchase and wear a new garment, in case his old garment became torn and the like?[31]

Yes. In all cases that a garment became damaged and one does not have a replacement garment, a new one may be purchased. Thus, if a Sirtuk became damaged, one may purchase a new one. The same applies for a hat or jacket, if one does not have a replaceable one. The rule is that in all cases that one does not have a garment which is normally worn in one’s community, and walking without that garment is shameful, it is permitted to purchase and wear a new garment throughout the three weeks.

May one buy and wear a new Tallis during the three weeks?             

It is permitted to buy a Tallis Katan up until the nine days.[32] One however may not purchase a Tallis Gadol throughout the three weeks.[33] If, however, one’s current Tallis Gadol/Katan is Pasul, and he does not have another one available, and is unable to borrow one in its place, he may purchase and wear a new Tallis Katan/Gadol.[34]

 

May one buy and wear a new Sheitel during the three weeks?

If one has another Sheitel available, one may not do so. If one does not have another Sheitel available, such as it became damaged or ruined, then it may be purchased and worn.

 

May one rent and wear a clothing, such as a gown, during the three weeks?

Yes.

___________________________________________________

[1] Michaber 551:17

[2] Michaber ibid; However see M”B 551:45 who writes it is forbidden to wear new clothing during the three weeks being it is forbidden to say Shehechiyanu.

[3] Michaber 551:17

[4] M”A 551:21 in name of Bach; Kneses Hagedola 551:42; Elya Raba 551:17; Chayeh Adam 133:14; Derech Hachaim 6; Kitzur SHU”A 122:2; M”B 551:45; Kaf Hachaim 551:205 and 10

The reason: As one makes a Shehechiyanu also on buying clothes [See Seder Birchas Hanehenin 12:4]

[5] Siddur Yaavetz; Machazik Bracha 551:10; Shaareiy Teshuvah 551; Kaf Hachaim 551:102

[6] Implication of M”A 551:21 [as he states that if Shehechiyanu was stated prior to the three weeks, at the time of purchase, one may wear the new clothing until Rosh Chodesh Av, and likewise, those who allow saying Shehechiyanu on Shabbos may likewise wear it on Shabbos]; Kaf Hachaim 551:88; Piskeiy Teshuvos 551:25 based on the fact the M”B ibid allows wearing new clothing on Shabbos within the three weeks

The following Poskim rule this way regarding Sefira: Ikarei Hadat 21:17; Keren Ledavid 119; Orchos Yosher 11; Levushei Mordechai 3:153; Kaf Hachaim 493:4; Taamei Haminhagim p. 251; Hagadas Orach Lechaim [Ben Ish Chaiy] 28; Piskeiy Teshuvos 493:3; Ruling of Rav Zalman Dworkin brought in Kovetz Zalman Shimon p. 70-71 that today it is permitted to buy clothing during Sefira and perhaps even the Terumos Hadeshen today would agree, being we no longer say Shehechiyanu

[7] Elya Raba 551:17; Chayeh Adam 133:14; Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 122:2; Aruch Hashulchan 551; Kaf Hachaim 551:89 and 205

The following Poskim rule this way regarding Sefira: Leket Yosher p. 97

[8]The reason: As these items nevertheless bring joy, and are hence forbidden to be purchased irrelevant of the Shehechiyanu. [ibid]

[9] M”B 551:45; Misgeres Hashulchan 122:1; See Seder Birchas Hanehenin 12:4 that such clothing do not receive a blessing of Shehechiyanu; See Aruch Hashulchan Y.D. 389:1

The reason: As they are not considered an important garment to require a Shehechiyanu. [See Seder Birchas Hanehenin 12:4]

Other opinions: The Terumos Hadeshen would not purchase even simple clothing during the period of Sefira. [See Leket Yosher]

[10] Kaf Hachaim 551:88; Piskeiy Teshuvos 551:25

[11] Siddur Yaavetz; Machazik Bracha 551:10; Shaareiy Teshuvah 551; Chayeh Adam 133:14; M”B 551:14 and 46; Kaf Hachaim 551:101-102; See Piskeiy Teshuvos 551 footnote 66

[12]The reason: As from the letter of the law it is even permitted for them to get married during the three weeks, if the Chasan has not yet performed the Mitzvah of having children. [ibid]

[13] See Kaf Hachaim ibid and 551:30 and 33

[14] Piskeiy Teshuvos ibid

[15] Igros Moshe 3:82; Vayivarech David 69; See Piskeiy Teshuvos 551:11 footnote 75

The reason: See Rama 551:7 that one may have a non-Jew make one clothing for it to be ready after the fast; Thus, from here we see that so long as the garment will not be received by the buyer until after the fast, it is permitted. Another aspect we can add, is that no Kinyan Meshicha has been made until one receives the product and hence it is not yet his;

[16] Piskeiy Teshuvos 551:11 footnote 75

[17] P”M 551 A”A 7; M”B 551:11; Kinyan Torah 1:109 as this is considered a “Davar Haaveid”; Piskeiy Teshuvos 551:11 and 27

[18] Ben Ish Chaiy Devarim 2; Kaf Hachaim 551:21

[19] Piskeiy Teshuvos 551:27 footnote 147 based on Rama 551:7 who allows a tailor to make new clothing during the three weeks

[20] 551:6

[21] See M”A 551:21 in name of Bach that one may not wear new clothing starting from the 17th of Tammuz due to Shehechiyanu

[22] Implication of M”A 551:21 [as he states that if Shehechiyanu was stated prior to the three weeks, at the time of purchase, one may wear the new clothing until Rosh Chodesh Av, and likewise, those who allow saying Shehechiyanu on Shabbos may likewise wear it on Shabbos]; Kaf Hachaim 551:88; Piskeiy Teshuvos 551:25 based on the fact the M”B ibid allows wearing new clothing on Shabbos within the three weeks.

[23] Elya Raba 551:17; Chayeh Adam 43:14; 133:14; Kitzur Shulchan Aruch 122:2; Aruch Hashulchan 551; Kaf Hachaim 551:89 and 205

[24] Michaber 551:6 regarding week of Tisha B’av and Rama 551:6 that we are Machmir from Rosh Chodesh; Tur in name of Ramban

Ruling of Michaber and Sefaradim: The Michaber rules it is only forbidden to wear new clothing during the week of Tisha B’av. [Michaber 551:6; Beis Yosef 551; M”A 551:23; Levushei Serud 551]

[25] M”A 551:21 regarding those who allow reciting Shehechiyanu on Shabbos, or said it already at the time of purchase [or are accustomed to not recite Shehechiyanu on new clothing]

[26] Elya Raba 551:17; Chayeh Adam 133:14; Derech Hachaim 6; Kitzur SHU”A 122:2; Kaf Hachaim 551:205

[27] Mateh Yehuda 551; Kaf Hachaim 551:90

[28] M”A 551:6 regarding Chasan

[29] Nitei Gavriel 4; Piskeiy Teshuvos 551:5

[30] See Michaber 551:7 that even by making new clothing we are only stringent from Rosh Chodesh

[31] See Nitei Gavriel chapter 31

[32] As a Tallis Katan is not considered an important clothing to require Shehechiyanu.

[33] See Igros Moshe 3:80; Piskeiy Teshuvos 551:10

[34] Sheilas Yaavetz 82; Pischei Olam 23; Kaf Hachaim 551:92

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