The Laws of Pesach-Checklist of Laws

  1. Thirty days before Pesach:
  • Begin learning the Halachos of Pesach starting from Purim [14th Adar].
  • Don’t eat Matzah starting from Purim until the night of Pesach. One may eat egg Matzah, and may eat Matzah balls.
  • Beware from using Chametz in a way that it will become difficult to remove before Pesach.
  • Avoid unsupervised use of Chametz play-doh from thirty days before Pesach.
  • Be careful that Chametz crumbs do not fall in Sefarim from Purim and onwards.
  • Do not starch clothing or tablecloths with Chametz starch.
  • Bedikas Chametz: One who will be traveling from home before Pesach must check his house for Chametz prior to leaving, if he does not plan to sell the Chametz in that home to a gentile. See The Laws of Bedikas Chametz for the full details of this issue.
  • One is not to say on any item “This is for Pesach”. Rather he should say that “This is for Yom Tov.” This especially applies to meat.
  • Donate charity to the Maos Chitim fund.
  1. From Rosh Chodesh Nissan:
  • Omit the following from Davening: Tachanun; Kel Erech Apayim; Tefila Ledavid; Av Harachamim on Shabbos Tzidkascha Tzedek.
  • Some avoid visiting a cemetery and hence if there is a Yartzite in Nissan they visit the Kever on Erev Rosh Chodesh Nissan.
  • Nassi: Recite the Nassi each day after Davening, from Rosh Chodesh Nissan until the 13th of Nissan.
  • Mechiras Chametz: Remember to perform Mechiras Chametz through a Rabbi.
  • Birchas Ilanos: Recite the blessing upon seeing the blossom of a fruit tree.
  • Shabbos Hagadol: This Shabbos is the beginning of the redemption. Take part in the Shabbos Hagadol Drasha. Recite Avadim Hayinu after Mincha.
  • Omit Vayehi Noam on Motzei Shabbos Hagadol unless Pesach falls on Shabbos.
  1. Purchase list for Pesach:
  • Buy nice vessels for Pesach.
  • Buy a personal Hagada with pictures for your children.
  • Nuts: One is to buy nuts [or other Kosher for Pesach treats] to distribute to the children during Yom Tov and on Seder night.
  • Clothing and jewelry: One is to buy jewelry or clothing for his wife and daughters, and sweets for the children.
  • Seder purchases: Matzah, Wine, Lettuce; Horseradish; Revius size cups; Keara-Seder Plate; Matzah cover; plate for under Matzah’s.
  1. Cleaning for Pesach:
  • One is to clean all areas that one remembers having entered Chametz into, or which is common for him to enter while eating.
  • One is to pour bleach on Chametz that is found in unreachable areas. There is no need to unscrew and item in order to reach the Chametz.
  • One must clean and destroy even a crumb of Chametz unless it is dirty and less than a Kezayis.
  • One is to check the pockets of clothing. However laundered clothing does not have to be checked.
  • One is to check the cuff of pants.
  • Remove all whiskeys, beers and other Chametz alcohol and place in area to be sold to gentile.
  • Some suggest checking and cleaning one’s Shtriemal.
  • One is not required to sell or put away inedible Chametz mixtures; cosmetics; perfumes; soaps; shampoo.
  • One is not required to sell or put away medicines.
  1. Mechiras Chametz:
  • Before Erev Pesach, one is to visit a Rav and sign on a Shtar Harshaa [power of attorney] for him to sell ones Chametz.
  • One may sell actual Chametz to the gentile, and so is the custom.
  • One is to perform a Kinyan with the Rav by acquiring an item that he owns [Gartel or Yarmulke] and lifting it one Tefach.
  • One is to write his address on the document.
  • One is to write the areas that the Chametz is found in.
  • It is customary to give money to the Rav which is appointed to sell one’s Chametz.
  • All sold areas must be closed up in a room that one will not enter into during Pesach, or behind a Mechitza of ten Tefachim [80 cm.] tall.
  • On Pesach one may occasionally enter the Chametz room to retrieve an item.
  • Do not store Chametz in the fridge or freezer.
  • One is not required to clean or do Bedika to any of the sold areas that are closed up or behind a Mechitza of ten Tefachim.
  • One who is selling his entire home, and traveling away for Pesach, is not required to perform the sale on the 13th. If he will be leaving his home after the entrance of the night of the 14th and will not arrive to his destination until their Bedika is complete, then it is proper for him to clean one room of the house and do Bedika there with a blessing on the night of the 14th.
  • Time Zones: One may not sell his Chametz through a Rav that is in a different time zone if that time zone will accept Pesach after his time zone. However, he may sell it through a Rav in a time zone that will accept Pesach prior to his time zone. If one owns Chametz in a different time zone, then he may sell the Chametz in his current time zone although it is best to be stringent if his Chametz is in a time zone that accepts Pesach before his time zone, to sell that Chametz in its time zone.
  1. Foods that are not eaten on Pesach:
  • Chametz: This includes Pasta, White flour, Bread, Pita, Beer, Whisky, Cookies, Crackers
  • Kitniyus: Many legumes and seeds are considered Kitniyus the following is a short Kitniyus list: Anise; Ascorbic acid; Aspartame. Beans [all types, including soy]; Buckwheat; Calcium ascorbate, canola (rapeseed) oil, caraway, cardamom; chickpeas, coriander; corn [including corn oil, corn syrup, and the hundreds of corn derivatives brought in list in Sefer]; cumin; citric acid [at times derives from Chametz]; Dextrose; Emulsifiers; Fennel; fenugreek; flax seeds; Glucose; green beans; guar gum; Hemp seeds; Kimmel; Lecithin; lentils; licorice; linseed; lucerne; lupine; Millet; mustard; maltodextrin (sometimes Chametz); some forms of MSG;; NutraSweet; Peas, poppy seeds, peanuts, polysorbates (sometimes Chametz), popcorn, poppy seeds; Quinoa; Rice; Sesame seeds; sun flour seeds, string beans, saffron, sesame seeds, snow peas, sodium citrate, sodium erythorbate, sorbitan, sorbitol (could be Chametz unless manufactured in the U.S.A), soybeans and soy oil, stabilizers, starch (possibly Chametz), string beans, sunflower seeds; Tofu; Vitamin C (could be Chametz); Xanthan gum (may be Chametz).
  • Matzah Ashira: Ashkenazim may not eat egg Matzah or any Matzah Ashira beginning from the 5th hour of Erev Pesach until after the conclusion of Pesach.
  • Processed foods: Many are accustomed not to eat any food that is processed. Thus, they do not eat any canned foods, packaged foods, etc. The Rebbe writes that Anash use oil with a good Hashgacha and not necessarily Shmaltz.
  • Sugar: Many are accustomed not to eat sugar on Pesach. Some boil their sugar before Pesach and make sugar water. The Rebbe stated he does not know if this custom of not eating sugar is a directive for the public.
  • Matzah Shruya: We are careful not to eat Matzah with any liquid. The Matzas are thus covered with a bag when eating them by a meal in order to prevent crumbs from falling into food. One may eat Matzah with 100% pure fruit or fruit juice such as avocado, olive oil and the like, if it is absolutely free of all water and condensation, although many are accustomed to avoid doing so.
  • Other foods avoided: Honey; dried fruits; Cloves, Carcum; Tabak.

 

  1. Bedikas Chametz-Night of the 14th:
  • Wrap 10 pieces of hard bread in paper in a way that they will not crumble out.
  • Hide the pieces and take note of their whereabouts
  • Do not perform Melacha, eat a meal, or learn Torah within a half hour before nightfall of the 14th until the Bedika is complete.
  • Begin the Bedika immediately after nightfall, after Davening Maariv.
  • Prior to the Bedika place all Chametz that one still owns in a guarded area from children and animals.
  • During the Bedika guard all found Chametz from animals and children.
  • After the Bedika place all the found Chametz in a guarded area.
  • After the Bedika recite the Bittul
  • Check your Matzah for Kefulos. Remove a 2cm. circumference from the Kefula area and place it together with the Chametz.
  • Remove Chametz garbage and place in a public area for all. Don’t leave in building garbage.
  • The Gabaiy is to perform Bedikas Chametz in Shul with a blessing. This applies even if the Chametz of the Shul will be sold in Mechiras Chametz.
  • Place all Chametz vessels in a closed and locked area that one will not come to accidently open on Pesach.
  1. Erev Pesach:
  • Fast day for Bechoros: If you are a Bechor, make sure to fast from Alos until Tzeis, or join a Siyum.
  • Remember to avoid mentioning “This meat is for Pesach”. Rather say “This meat is for Yom Tov”.
  • Don’t eat lettuce; apples; pears; nuts until the Seder. One may eat eggs, chicken or meat, potatoes and onions.

 

Shacharis:

  • Awake early to Daven Shacharis
  • Omit Mizmor Lesoda until after Pesach

 

To do before beginning of 5th hour of the day:

  • Finish any last minute Kashering prior to the 5th hour
  • Kasher the teeth prior to the 5th hour
  • Finish eating Chametz prior to the 5th It is forbidden to eat Chametz once the 5th hour has begun. Look in a Jewish calendar to verify the 5th hour of your region.
  • Do not eat Matzah Ashira, egg Matzah, starting from the 5th hour until the end of Pesach.

To do before the beginning of the 6th hour:

  • Clean the house of all Chametz leftovers. Make sure the Chametz garbage is removed to an area that is public for all, and has not remained in a building shoot.
  • Clean out your Chametz pockets
  • Burn the Chametz.
  • After burning the Chametz, recite the Bittul. The Bittul must be recited prior to the 6th Don’t recite the Bittul until at least a Kezayis of the Chametz burns.

 

 

To do before midday:

  • Starting from midday [Chatzos] do not perform any Melacha that may not be performed on Chol Hamoed
  • Cut nails and receive a haircut before Chatzos
  • Print whatever Pesach papers you will need before Chatzos.

 

To do before 10th hour:

  • Food restrictions that apply past the 10th hour [Three Zmaniyos hours before sunset]: Don’t eat a large amount of food. One may eat a small amount of fruits and other foods. One may not drink wine or grape juice at this time.

 

Eiruv Tavshilin [In years applicable]

  • In the Diaspora, whenever the 2nd day of Pesach falls on Erev Shabbos one performs an Eiruv Tavshilin on Erev Pesach [Wednesday].
  • The owner of the house takes a whole loaf/role of bread/Matzah the size of a Kibeitza [which is to later be used on Shabbos] and a Kezayis of a cooked piece of meat or other food which one eats together with bread.
  • If one has another person to use to acquire the food to him on behalf of the city then the owner is to say:

“אני מזכה לכל־מי שרוצה לזכות ולסמוך על ערוב זה”

  • The person who is acquiring the food for the townspeople then lifts the food up one Tefach.
  • The owner then takes back the food and recites the following blessing:

ברוך אתה ה’ אלוקינו מלך העולם אשר קדשנו במצותיו וצונו על מצות  עירוב.

  • If one does not have another person to use to acquire the food to the townspeople, then he is to simply hold the food and begin with the above blessing.
  • After the blessing one says in a language that he understands “With this Eiruv it will be permitted for us to bake and cook and insulate foods, and light candles and to do all our needs on Yom Tov for Shabbos”.

בדין יהא שרא לנא לאפויי ולבשולי ולאטמוני ולאדלוקי שרגא ולתקנא ולמעבד כל צרכנא מיומא טבא

לשבתא לנא ולכל ישראל הדרים בעיר הזאת

Seder preparation to do list:

  • Immerse new vessels in a Mikveh
  • Don’t eat lettuce; apples; pears; nuts
  • Wash and clean the lettuce
  • Don’t soak the lettuce that will be used for Maror, in water for 24 hours.
  • Roast the Zeroa-neck of the chicken.
  • Do not roast any meat or poultry to be eaten for Seder night. One may roast fish. Don’t cook the meat in a pot without liquids, even if it will simmer in its own juice. One may roast the meat and then cook it.
  • Set up the Seder table
  • Check the Matzos for Kefulos.
  • Separate Challah from the Matzos if needed.
  • Place wine in the Charoses before Shabbos. Alternatively, place the Charoses in a large amount of wine prior to the dipping, and mix with your finger.
  • Make salt water
  • Cook the egg for Beitza.
  • If you don’t have a broken plate for the spilling of the wine by the Makos, then chip a plastic bowl before Yom Tov.
  1. The Pesach Davening:

Mincha Erev Pesach:

  • If Pesach falls on Erev Shabbos, recite Hodu and Patach Eliyahu before Mincha.
  • Recite the Seder Karban Pesach after Mincha, before sunset.

Maariv:

  • After Shemoneh Esrei [and on Shabbos after Vayechulu], recite the complete Hallel with a blessing before and after.
  • After Hallel recite Kaddish with Tiskabel
  • Pesach falls on Shabbos: Begin with Mizmor Ledavid if Pesach falls on Shabbos. Recite Gam Besimcha in Lecha Dodi. Recite Vayechulu after Shemoneh Esrei. Do not recite Meiyn Sheva even if Pesach falls on Shabbos. Recite Hallel. Recite Kaddish Tiskabel. Recite Mizmor Ledavid. Recite half Kaddish. Recite Barchu. Recite Aleinu and Kaddish Yasom.

Shachris/Musaf:

  • Take out two Sifrei Torah.
  • 5 people are called to 1st Torah; 6th to Maftir. [On Shabbos read 7 Aliyos in first Torah.]
  • In Musaf of first day of Pesach stop reciting Mashiv Haruach Umorid Hageshem and rather recite Morid Hatal.
  • On the day of the holiday the Rabbi of each community expounds on the meaning and miracles of that holiday.

Maariv of 16th:

  • Begin to recite Sefiras Haomer.
  1. Throughout Pesach reminders:
  • Do not touch Chametz with exception to when destroying it.
  • Do not destroy Chametz found on Pesach if you performed Mechiras Chametz. Rather, sweep it into the area of the gentile.
  • Have special meal in honor of Esther on the 2nd day of Yom Tov in the Diaspora, and in Eretz Yisrael on the 1st day of Chol Hamoed.
  • Begin Learning Tractate Sota on the 2nd day of Sefira.
  • On Chol Hamoed remove two Torah scrolls. Call up three people to the 1st Torah and a 4th for Maftir.
  • Men are to drink a Revius of wine daily.
  • It is permitted to remove items from the sold area on occasion, when necessary.
  1. Erev Shevii Shel Pesach:
  • Perform Eiruv Tavshilin on Thursday in years that it coincides with Erev Shabbos
  • In Israel perform Biur Maasros in the 4th and 6th year
  • Do not recite Shehechiyanu during candle lighting.
  1. Shevii Shel Pesach:
  • Stay awake the entire night learning Torah. Learn the Mamar in Torah Or of Hayam Yanos and Vehinif.
  • In Israel, recite Yizkor before Musaf
  • In Israel, eat Moshiach Seuda after Mincha: Drink four cups of wine; sing Niggunim of all Rabboseinu Nissieinu; Sing the Niggun of the Shpoleh Zeida; Moshiach Tantz
  • Shevi Shel Pesach that coincides with Erev Shabbos: In Israel, recite Shnayim Mikra past midday. Eat Moshiach Seuda before 10th hour of day. Prior to Mincha Hodu is omitted but Patach Eliyahu is said.
  1. Achron Shel Pesach in Diaspora
  • Eat Gebrocks
  • Moshiach Seuda: Drink four cups of wine; sing Niggunim of all Rabboseinu Nissieinu; Sing the Niggun of the Shpoleh Zeida; Moshiach Tantz
  1. The Seder on Shabbos in Eretz Yisrael when Shevii Shel Pesach falls on Friday:
  • One may not cook Gebrochts or Kitniyos on Shevii Shel Pesach which falls on Erev Shabbos.
  • The custom is not to eat Chametz on Shabbos, even if sold to gentile.
  • Kitniyus may be eaten on Shabbos. One may purchase Kosher for Pesach Kitniyus on Chol Hamoed to eat on Shabbos.
  1. After Pesach:
  • Increase a little in eating and drinking on Isru Chag.
  • Even a Chasan and Kalah on the day of their wedding may not fast on Isru Chag.
  • Buying Chametz: Make sure the store sold their Chametz.
  • Recite Pirkei Avos after Mincha starting the Shabbos after Pesach
  1. First Shabbos after Pesach:
  • Knead the Challah dough in the shape of a key.
  • Begin reciting Pirkei Avos


The Kashering Checklist

  1. Is the vessel Kasherable?
  • If the material is made or coated with earthenware; glass; porcelain, enamel, Teflon then it is not Kasherable.
  • If the vessel was used for cooking with water then it needs Hagalah. If it was used for baking without liquid and thus needs Libun Chamor?
  • If the vessel is attached using glue it’s not Kasherable.
  • If the vessel is rusty or contains cracks or holes then one must perform Libun Kal to those areas.

  1. Preparing the vessel for Kashering:
  • Clean and wash the vessel well.
  • If the vessel is rusty or contains cracks or holes then one must perform Libun Kal to those areas.
  • Dry the vessel from the water.
  • Do not use the vessel for a period of 24 hours.

  1. The vessel one is Kashering inside of:
  • This vessel to be either new of is to be koshered.
  • If want to use after, Kasher it. May do so with same water and Even Meluban.

  1. How to Kasher:
  • Only one who is expert in the laws is to be trusted with the task.
  • Prepare a pot of boiling hot water. The pot is to be either new or Kashered prior to use.
  • Perform Hagalah prior to the 5th hour of Erev Pesach.
  • The water must be boiling the entire time that one immerses the vessel inside it.
  • Do not Kasher many vessels together if they will touch each other.
  • Immerse the clean and dry vessel into the pot until it is completely submerged within the water.
  • Leave the vessel in the water momentarily and then immediately remove the vessel from the water.
  • After removing the vessel immediately immerse it in cold water.

 

  1. Kashering a stove:
  • The grates: Require Libun Chamur [heated with a blow torch until sparks come out]. If one cannot do Libbun Chamor, then one is to clean it very well and wrap the grates in thick aluminum that will last throughout Pesach.
  • Burners: Clean the burners and use toothpicks or needles to remove any dirt or food from within the gas holes of the burner. Afterwards, turn on the fire for some time to accomplish Libun Kal.
  • Stove top surface: One is to clean the stove surface well and then do Iruiy Keli Rishon to it. If the surface is made of non-Kasherable material, such as enamel, that it must be covered with aluminum.
  • Knobs: One is to clean the stove knobs very well, cover them or attach clean replacement knobs.
  • Covering all items: Practically the custom is that even after Kashering all the above items of the stove, one covers all the surfaces with aluminum.

  1. Kashering an Oven
  • An oven with self cleaning mode can be Kashered by simply placing it through the self clean cycle. An oven with a “Continuous cleaning” cycle is not valid.
  • If ones oven does not have self clean oven it is very difficult to Kasher and hence one is thus to buy a Pesach oven or alternatively Kasher it in the following way:
  • Clean the oven well using a Chametz killing agency such as bleach or oven stain remover.
  • Wait 24 hours prior to Kashering.
  • Turn the oven on for a period of at least one hour to its highest temperature or blow torch the oven from the inside.
  • After the Kashering process is complete one should cover the walls and floors with aluminum foil.
  1. Kashering a Counter or Table:
  • Clean and dry the table or counter surface.
  • Pour boiling water from a Keli Rishon onto the surface. Use a hot iron to simultaneously press on the water and bring it to a boil. Alternatively, use an electric water boiler that is still attached to the plug and pour it over the surface while boiling.
  • Covering the counter or table: The custom is to cover the counter after it is Kashered.
  • The walls of the counter: Are to have boiling water from a Keli Rishon poured over it and then covered.

  1. Kashering the Fridge:
  • One is to wash it down very well using a water based killing agent, such as bleach and the like.
  • The elastic insulating side: One must take special care to wash well the elastic area from Chametz crumbs. A suggestive form of cleaning is to use Q-tips dipped in bleach.
  • Bedikas Chametz: One is to perform Bedikas Chametz to his fridge prior to entering the Pesach foods back into or and prior to covering it shelves.
  • Covering the shelves: Some are accustomed to cover the shelves of the fridge.
  • Cord: One is to clean the electric cord of the fridge that enters into the outlet.

 

  1. Kashering a sink:
  • If the sink is made of Porcelain or Enamel it cannot be Kashered. One is to pour boiling water from a Keli Rishon on such a material sink. One is then to insert a sink insert which will be used throughout Pesach.
  • If the sink is made of metal then it can be Kashered through pouring boiling water from a Keli Rishon on the sink.
  • The spout: The custom is to clean and wash the spouts of the sink as throughout the year they have been used with hands that are dirty from Chametz. [One is to pour boiling water of the spout, and leave it open with the hot water running.]
  • Knobs: Wash and clean.
  • The drain: Pour boiling water that contains bleach or Drano down the drain.
  • Metal strainer: Perform Iruiy Keli Rishon.
  • Using the hot water on Pesach: It is advised not to use hot water that is over Yad Soledes [110° F] on Pesach in a sink that is not made of Kasherable material.


 

The Seder Checklist

  1. Erev Pesach Seder preparation list:
  • Immerse new vessels in a Mikveh
  • Don’t eat lettuce; apples; pears; nuts
  • Wash and clean the lettuce. Don’t soak the lettuce that will be used for Maror, in water, for 24 hours.
  • Roast the Zeroa-neck of the chicken. In years that Pesach falls on Shabbos, place wine in the Charoses before Shabbos. Alternatively, place the Charoses in a large amount of wine prior to the dipping, and mix with your finger. We are particular to add only some of the Charoses to the wine rather than its entirety, in order to keep some of the Charoses free from liquids.
  • Prepare the Charoses: The Charoses is made from apples, pears, almonds and wine. It is our custom to only add the wine later on during the Seder.
  • Do not roast any meat or poultry to be eaten for Seder night. One may roast fish. Don’t cook the meat in a pot without liquids, even if it will simmer in its own juice. One may roast the meat and then cook it.
  • Set up the Seder table
  • Check the Matzos for Kefulos.
  • Separate Challah from the Matzos if needed.
  • Make salt water
  • Cook the egg for Beitza.
  • If you don’t have a broken plate for the spilling of the wine by the Makos, then chip a plastic bowl before Yom Tov.

 

  1. Upon coming home:
  • One is to return home immediately after Davening has concluded in order to begin the Seder right away.
  • Prepare vessels of gold and silver and wear silk and expensive garments of all that Hashem has made available for ones family.
  • One may feed the kids a little food before the Seder. Children below Chinuch may be given Matzah.
    • One is to distribute nuts to the kids prior to the Seder.
    • One is to begin the Seder as soon as he comes home, without delay.
    • When Pesach falls on Shabbos one is to recite Shalom Aleichem and Eishes Chayil in an undertone upon returning from Shul.
    • Prepare cushions on seat for leaning. Women don’t lean.

 

  1. Setting up the Kearah:
  • Take three curved shaped Matzas. Verify that the Matzas are complete [Shaleim] and do not contain any folded [Kefulos] areas
  • Place a plate on bottom, and place the Matzas on top of the plate
  • First place the Yisrael and then the Levi, and then the Kohen. The Matzas are separated from each other with a cloth. The largest of the Matzas is to be used for Levi.
  • Place the Simanim directly on top of the Matzah cover. We do not use small bowls to place it in.
  • Dry the Maror prior to placing it on the cover.
  • One is to use romaine lettuce and horseradish for both Maror and Chazeres. This means that both vegetables are to be placed by the area of Maror and likewise by the area of Chazeres. If the leaves of the Chazeres became dry then one cannot fulfill his obligation with them.
  • The Rebbe used an egg with a shell.
  • Set the plate up in the following order:

  1. General Directives:
    • Look inside the Hagadah prior to each step and read the Siman of that step.
    • Always drink each of the 4 cups entirely in one shot.
    • Lean by Matzah, Korech, Afikoman, 4 cups of wine. Lean to the left. This includes lefties. If one forgot to lean by the above required parts then by Matzah of Motzi Matzah [not Afikoman or Korech] and by the second cup of wine, one is to repeat the eating/drinking.
    • Women do not have to lean
    • The Shiurim:
      • Matza 28.8 grams By Koreich and Afikoman, in time of need may take 21.2 grams
      • Maror 27 grams Lechatchila if unable than 21.2.
      • Achilas Pras: 4 Minutes.

  1. Children:

Girls and boys who have reached the age of Chinuch, that can understand the story of the exodus, are obligated in the following:

  • 4 Kosos;
  • Maggid
  • Birchas Hamazon
  • Hallel
  • Halel Hagadol
  • Nishmas

  1. Kadesh:
    • Before Kiddush read each one of the Simanim.
    • One may pour the wine for himself.
    • Have in mind by Kadesh to drink more wine before the second cup.
    • Drink the entire cup of wine in one shot without wait.
    • Don’t drink wine or any alcohol until after Maggid and 2nd Kos [unless needs to]. May drink other beverages.

Purpose: Kiddush and Corresponds to the first of the four Geuloas “Vehotzeisi”.

  1. Urchatz:
  • Before washing say the Simanim of Urchatz and Karpas.
  • Wash just like bread but without a blessing.
  • Don’t speak until after the Karpas is eaten.
  • If one said a blessing of Al Netials Yadayim then follow this order: Do Yachatz; Motzi Matzah; Karpas without a bracha and then Maggid Maror etc

Purpose: So children wonder and ask and begin questions of the order of the Seder;

  1. Karpas
  • Use onion for Karpas.
  • Dip in salt water before saying the Bracha.
  • Have Kavana to be Moitzi the Maror
  • Eat less than 17 grams.
  • Don’t say Bracha Achrona even if ate a Kezayis of Karpas.
  • Don’t lean.
  • Don’t return the remaining onion to bowl.

Purpose: So the children ask questions; Represents the slavery in Egypt; Samech Perech

  1. Yachatz:
  • Break the middle Matzah [Levi] inside the cloth without seeing,
  • Take the larger piece and break to 5 pieces and use for Afikoman
  • Place Afikoman between two pillows
  • The smaller half is placed back in between the two matzos. There should be at least a Kezayis remaining in the middle Matzah that is placed back, [and if there is not, then one should add Matzah to it].

Purpose: Poor man’s bread; Three Matzos are Avraham; Yitzchak and Yaakov; The reason we break the middle Matzah is because Yitzchak has two sides, laughter and severity.

  1. Maggid:
  • Each person is to say the Hagadah to themselves.
  • Say the Hagadah with a Niggun and loudly
  • Uncover all three Matzos throughout Maggid except for when the cup of wine is raised.
  • Explain the Hagadah to the women and children so they all understand.
  • Hei Lachma Anaya: The Matzah is to be lifted while this paragraph is said. [However the custom of the Rabbeim is to only reveal the matzos and not to actually lift them.]
  • Mah Nishtana: Pour the 2nd cup of wine prior to Mah Nishtana.
  • Before Mah Nishtana move the Kearah to the side [and cover it].
  • Youngest son asks Mah Nishtana. If there is no son, then the youngest daughter is to ask.
  • Each person is to repeat the Mah Nishtana after the children say it.
  • After Mah Nishtana one returns the Kearah and reveals the Matzas.
  • Vhi Sheamda: Cover Matzos and then lift Kos.
  • Spilling wine:
    • Spill the wine with the cup itself.
    • Use a broken dish to pour the wine into.
    • Have intent to spill the wrath when spilling the wine.
    • Refill the wine after all spills are finished.
  • Dayeinu: One is not to make a Hefsek by Dayeinu.
  • Matza Zu: Hold onto the middle [and bottom] Matzah within the covering
  • Maror zu: Place two hands on the Maror.

Purpose: Fulfilling Biblical command of Vihigadita; Say it in length and detail of miracles-Mitzvah applies until fall asleep.

  1. Rachtza:
  • Prepare the Matzos for all the participants before the washing.
  • One now washes for the Matzah just as he would wash before eating bread. A blessing is recited prior to the washing.

  1. Moitzi Matza:
  • Holding the Matzas: Upon saying the blessing of Hamotzi one takes hold of the two whole Matzas and the middle broken Matzah. Immediately after this blessing one drops the bottom Matzah, and says the blessing of Matzah with only the top and middle Matzah in his hand.
  • Having in mind: When saying the blessing over the mitzvah of eating Matzah one should also have in mind the Matzah eaten by Korech, as well as the Matzah eaten by the Afikoman.
    • Each participant says both blessings themselves on their own pieces of Matzah.
    • Salt: One does not dip the Matzah in salt. However one is to have salt on the table.
    • How much to eat: One is to break off a Kezayis from both the whole and split Matzah and eat a Kezayis of each at the same time. One is to enter both kezeiysim into his mouth at the same time.
    • Every participant is to eat 27 grams of Matzah within 4 minutes.
    • The leader of the home is to give a piece of both the middle and upper Matzah to all the participants.
    • Leaning: One must lean upon eating the Matzah. This applies to both Kizeisim eaten by the leader of the table. If one did not lean then he must re-eat another Kezayis of Matzah.
    • Eat within Achilas Peras which is 4 minutes.
    • Hefsek: Don’t talk of unrelated subjects until after Matzah of Korech
    • An old or sick person may dip Kezayis Matzah in water to eat.

Purpose: Fulfilling Biblical command of eating Matzah.

  1. Maror:
  • The Maror is to be eaten immediately after eating the Matzah.
  • Lettuce and horseradish: For Maror we eat both from the lettuce leaves and horseradish that was placed for the top Maror.
  • How much Maror: Try to eat 27 grams of Maror within 4 minutes. If this is difficult eat 17 grams worth of leaves which is approximately one large leaf or two medium leaves. Both the lettuce leaves and horseradish combine to make up this amount.
    • Dipping the Maror in the Charoses: Before eating the Maror it is to be partially dipped into the Charoses. After the Maror is dipped into the Charoses one is to immediately shake it off.
    • If the Charoses did not have wine added to it before Shabbos then: Dip some [not all] Charoses to a large amount of wine and mix it with ones hand or with the vessel itself, through shaking it.
    • First dip the Maror in the Charoses and then say the Bracha.
    • Have in mind: Have in mind the Maror of Korech upon saying the blessing over the Maror.
    • How much time to eat: Eat the above amount within 4 minutes.
    • Leaning: One does not lean.

  1. Korech:
  • For the Maror of Korech we eat both from the lettuce leaves and horseradish of the second Maror [Chazeres].
  • Eat a Kezayis of Matzah and a Kezayis of Maror simultaneously. Initially eat 27 grams of Maror and 27 grams of Matzah within 4 minutes. If this is difficult eat 17 grams of Maror, and 17 grams of Matzah within 4 minutes. Both the lettuce leaves and horseradish combine to make up this amount.
  • Don’t dip Maror onto the Charoses. Simply dab on it some dry Charoses [without wine].
  • Eat Leaning
  • Eat within 4 minutes.

  1. Shulchan Orach:
  • Begin with eating the egg dipped in salt water.
  • Check the plates to avoid crumbs of Matzah prior to placing food on it.
  • Don’t eat too much before Afikoman.
  • We do not lean

Purpose: Fulfill Mitzvah of Seudas Yom Tov and freedom.

  1. Tzafun:
  • Eat the Afikoman before Chatzos. [12:43] On the second night in the Diaspora one can eat it until morning.
  • Eat two Kezeisim [54 grams] of Matzah within 4 minutes. If this is difficult, eat only one Kezayis [27 grams] and intend that the Kezayis serve to commemorate whichever subject requires commemoration. Try to eat 27 grams of Matzah within 4 minutes. If this is difficult then eat 17 grams.
  • Stipulate if can only eat one Kezayis.
  • Eat leaning. Bedieved no need re-eat.
  • Eat on same table. Don’t switch tables.

 

  1. Beirach:
  • Pour the cup of Eliyahu.
  • After pouring the cup of Eliyahu pour the third cup before Birchas Hamazon.
  • Don’t place the Mayim Achronim on the lips.
  • No drinking after 3rd cup, not even water.
  • One may drink entire 3rd cup even if has much more than Revius.

  1. Hallel:
  • Pour the 4th cup
  • Shefoch Chamascha is very auspicious time to ask for things from Hashem.
  • Open all doors to the public.
  • There is no need to finish Hallel before Chatzos.
  • One may finish Hallel in a different house.
  • One is to make a Zimun for Hallel.
  • Don’t make an interval between the end of Hallel and drinking the 4th

  1. Nirtza:
  • Pour the wine of the Kos Shel Eliyahu back into the bottle. One sings Keili Ata of the Alter Rebbe upon doing so.

  1. After the Seder:
  • Do not eat or drink anything, including water, after having drunk the 4th cup, until one awakens from sleep of that night.
  • Discuss and deal with the laws of Pesach and the story of the Exodus until one is overcome by sleep.
  • Say an abridged version of Kerias Shema. One only says the 1st paragraph of the Shema and then goes straight to Hamapil. On the 2nd night of Pesach however one says the regular paragraphs as is said on any Yom Tov.


 

 

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