Reviewing Prayers and Correct Punctuation on RH

Reviewing the prayers:

The Chazan for Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur should review the Davening, the meaning of its words, and the Midrashic and Chassidic teachings on the prayers.[1] This especially applies to the Piyutim in Davening.[2] This is to be done every year even if he did so the previous year.[3] He is also to review the laws of prayer in general and especially those that specifically pertain to the Chazan.[4] Every individual is to review the prayers and teach it to his children prior to the Holiday.[5]

The Piyutim:[6] Whoever has the ability is to take out time to learn the meaning of the Piyutim recited during the prayer.

Correct punctuation and Nussach:[7]

During the ten days of repentance, which begin from Rosh Hashanah, one must be extra careful in punctuating the words of Davening correctly.[8] Due to this a number of laws regarding punctuation and dialect of wording is recorded in Poskim.[9]


[1] Beir Heiytiv 581/7 “Learn the prayers and supplications”; Igros Kodesh 6/324; 11/353 and 416 [brought in Shaarei Halacha Uminhag 1/247; Shulchan Menachem 3/93]; See Mateh Efraim 581/48; 585/2; Darkei Chaim Veshalom 702; M”A 581/9 in name of Shlah “Learn the Kavanos”

[2] Igros Kodesh ibid; Shaareiy Teshuvah 584/3

[3] Rebbe ibid

[4] Igros Kodesh 11/353

[5] Kaf Hachaim 582/26; Mateh Efraim 581/58

[6] Shaareiy Teshuvah 584/3; Kaf Hachaim 584/13

[7] 582/7

[8] The reason: Since these are days of judgment [the words one says, even if his intent is otherwise, have affect, thus] one is to place special care in pronouncing the words with their correct punctuation. However during the rest of the year we do not suspect for a mispronunciation as [G-d] follows the person’s intention behind the word. [ibid]

[9] List of words and their correct punctuation, and correct Nussach: Lechaim versus Lachaim [Admur 582/7]; Lechaim Tovim versus Lechaim [582/8]; Mentioning Rosh Chodesh; Yom Teruah versus Zichron Teruah [582/9]; Omitting Moadim Lesimcha; Omitting Vehasieinu; Omitting Ein Anu Yecholim in Musaf [582/10] Udvarcha Emes versus Udvarcha Malkeinu by both Haftorah and Kiddush [582/11; Siddur-Udvarcha Malekinu Emes; Shaar Hakolel 42/11; Poskim in Kaf Hachaim 582/55] Shehashultan with Kamatz versus Shehashilton with Chirik [582/12; Levush; Taz 582/2; Mateh Moshe; Peri Chadash brought in Kaf Hachaim 582/37] Veharisha with Chirik under Shin. [582/13] Vechein Tzaddikim versus Az Tzaddikim [582/14] Yom Teruah Mikra Kodesh and Zichron Teruah Mikra Kodesh versus Beahava Mikra Kodesh. [582/14; Poskim in Kaf Hachaim 582/41] Uvichein Yiskadesh Shimcha-four times Uvichein based on Kabala. [Kaf Hachaim 582/35] Hayom Haras Olam-according to Kabala. [Kaf Hachaim 582/36] Aguda Echas versus Eguda Echas with a Patach or Segol [Mahril; Kneses Hagedola; Peri Chadash; Kaf Hachaim 582/37] Vesikva Tovah Ledorshecha versus Vesikva Tovah [Kaf Hachaim ibid in name of Arizal] Kol Harisha versus Ki Kol Harisha [Mateh Moshe 796; Kaf Hachaim ibid] Beashan Tichleh versus Keashan Tichleh [Mahril; Mateh Moshe; Peri Chadash; Siddur Rashash; Siddur Admur [Beashan]; Shaar Hakolel 42/6; Likkutei Mahrich 63a; M”E 692/14; Darkei Chaim Veshalom 711; Kaf Hachaim 582/37] Saying Beyom Menuchaseinu on Rosh Hashanah that falls on Shabbos [Poskim brought in Kaf Hachaim 582/48] Meloch Al Kol Haolam Kulo versus Meloch Al Haolam Kulo [Poskim brought in Kaf Hachaim 582/50]

Lechaim versus Lachaim Tovim: First one is to mention Lechaim and only afterwards in Ukesov Lechaim should he say Lechaim Tovim as first one asks for a small requests and then increases in asking for more. [582/8]

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