Peeling fruits and vegatables

Peeling fruits and vegetables:[1]

It is forbidden to peel garlic and onions [as well as other foods such as apples and nuts[2]] which one [peels with intent] to set aside [from being eaten right away, due to that this contains a separating prohibition[3]]. However [to peel them] in order to eat right away is allowed.[4] [See Q&A]

 

Summary-Does peeling fruits and vegetables contain the Separating prohibition?[5]

  • The Summary takes into account that which is explained in the Q&A below-see there!

If the food is eaten by most people together with its peel: According to some Poskim[6] it may be peeled without the separating restrictions. Thus it may be peeled to eat later on and may be peeled using a peeler. However other Poskim[7] hold that it does contain the separating prohibition and thus may not be peeled with a peeler, and may only be peeled to eat right away.

The Final Ruling: Rav Farkash rules that one who wishes to be stringent like all the opinions should always apply the separating prohibition to anything being peeled.

If the food is not eaten by most people together with its peel: Then according to all opinions, the separating restrictions apply and thus it may not be peeled using a peeler or any other designated vessel, and may only be peeled in order to eat right away.

 

Do the Borer restrictions [i.e. to peel for a right away use] apply even when peeling fruits/vegetables which are edible with their peel?[8]

If the food is not eaten by most people together with its peel such as carrots and the like: Then according to all opinions, the separating restrictions apply even to a person which usually always eats this fruit/vegetable with its peel, and thus it may not be peeled using a peeler or any other designated vessel, and may only be done in order to eat right away.

If the food is eaten by most people together with its peel such as cucumbers [in some places], apples, tomatoes, pears, apricots, plum, peaches:

According to many Poskim[9] it may be peeled without the separating restrictions and thus may be peeled to eat later on and may be peeled using a peeler. [Regarding if the person peeling it is someone who cannot eat the food with the peel due to it being disgusting to him and the like then some hold[10] that even according to this opinion it is proper to be stringent and follow all the separating restrictions.]

Other Poskim[11] hold that it does contain the separating prohibition and thus may not be peeled with a peeler, and may only be peeled to eat right away.

The Final Ruling: Rav Farkash rules that one who wishes to be stringent like all the opinions [which he rules that one initially is to do], is to always apply the separating prohibition to anything being peeled.

In a case that one is pressured to peel using a peeler, such as when one has a lot of fruits/vegetables to peel, or in a case that one is pressured to peel the fruits a while prior to the meal, such as in a case that one must leave ones house now and will only return when the meal will commence, then although one may be lenient like the latter opinions, nevertheless it is proper to also cut off part of the actual fruit together with the peel.

 

In any case whenever one chooses to be lenient to follow the latter opinions one must know that in truth the selected fruit/vegetable is eaten with its peel by most people. Thus cucumbers for example must be verified in each area if it is in truth eaten with its peel by most people.

 

May one peel off the outer peel of garlic [the peel which contains within it all the cloves] and take apart the cloves from each other on Shabbos?

See above Halacha 1 Q&A 8!

 

May one remove dates from its stalk?[12]

Some Poskim[13] rule this is forbidden to be done even in order to eat right away.[14]

 

May one remove bananas or grapes from their vine?[15]

One may only do so immediately prior to the meal.[16]


May one remove the stems from fruits and vegetables?[17]

Yes, although this may only be done immediately prior to the meal.

 

May one peel fruits/vegetables which do not contain the separating restriction even for the need of after Shabbos?

No, this is forbidden as it is always forbidden to prepare on Shabbos for a weekday.

 

May one use a peeler to peel fruits and vegetables on Shabbos?[18]

Whenever the peeling of the fruit/vegetable contains the separating restriction [as explained in the summary above] it is forbidden to peel them using a peeler even if he plans peel them in close proximity to the meal.[19]

 

May one use a knife to peel fruits and vegetables?[20]

Yes. So long as one peels the food immediately prior to the meal one may use a knife to peel

 

If one only desires to eat part of the fruit is he nevertheless allowed to peel the entire fruit?[21]

Rav SZ”A leaves this matter in doubt as to whether one may peel the entire fruit, as is the way of eating, or if he may only peel the area which he plans to eat.

 

May one peel many fruits and vegetables with intent to eat later on if he takes a bite from each fruit/vegetable right away?[22]

No as it is obvious that one plans to leave it for later on and the peeling is thus not done in the way of eating.

 

May one peel many fruits/vegetables for later on if he leaves the peels together with the fruits/vegetables?[23]

Such as if one has many carrots in a bowl may he peel them for later use if he leaves the peels within the bowl together with the carrots?

One may do so if he peels the food within the bowl without removing the food, as in such a case the peel in essence never separates from the fruit. However one may not do so if he lifts the fruit/vegetable out of the bowl as when he peels it in such a state the peel has already separated from the fruit for a non-immediate use and what will it help now to replace it back in the bowl.

 

May one peel right before the meal more fruits than needed for the purpose of making his guests feel comfortable in taking as much as they want?[24]

Yes, as since one is doing it in order so the guests feel more at ease he is receiving this immediate benefit from the separation, and does not need to also benefit from them eating it in order to consider it to have been done for an immediate use. [For other examples of when one may separate/peel for a guest, see Chapter 1 Halacha 5 Q&A there.]

 

May one peel a fruit for a child to take with him upon leaving the house even though the child will not be eating it until later on?[25]

No. This includes even if one decides to eat some of the fruit before leaving being that one’s main intention is to peel it for later on.

 

May one peel fruits in order to make a fruit compute many hours prior to the meal in order so it extract and absorb taste into and from the salad?[26]

Yes.

 

May one remove a rotten/ wormy part of fruit/vegetable in order to eat the rest of the fruit/vegetable?[27]

Majority of Poskim allow one to cut it off so long as he plans to eat the fruit right away. Nevertheless it is best for one to cut a part of the fruit itself together with the rotten part, as doing so adds to the leniency. 

One may not remove the rotten part of the fruit simply in order so the fruit not continue to rot, and he be able to eat it later on.

 

May one remove good fruits from amongst rotten ones to prevent them from rotting?

No. See Halacha 6 Q&A there

 

May one remove a worm or other bug from a fruit/vegetable?[28]

Inside the fruit: If the worm is inside the fruit than one may remove it so long as he plans to eat the fruit right away.

On the surface of the fruit/vegetables: If the insect is on the surface of the fruit then it depends. If the insect is not stuck onto the fruit then one may remove it without restriction as in such a case there is no “mixture” of good and bad, as explained above in chapter 1 the Q&A under the introduction. If the insect is stuck onto the fruit then one may only remove it with intent to eat right away.  Nevertheless it is best in such a case to shake the insect off rather than lift it with ones hands. If this is not possible, then one may even remove it with ones hands.[29]

 


[1] Supplement from chapter 321 Rama Halacha 19 . The end of chapter 321 does not appear in the Alter Rebbe’s Shulchan Aruch and we have thus brought the rulings of the Rama and Mishneh Berurah as a supplement for those omissions.

[2] Mishneh Berurah 84

[3] Mishneh Berurah 83

[4] The reason that this does not contradict the condition that one may not remove the waste from the food and rather must remove the food from the waste is because a) It is impossible in this case to remove the food from the waste, and thus here the removal of the waste from the food is what is considered the way of eating and not the opposite. [Ketzos Hashulchan 147 page 107] b) Because according to Admur in the Siddur that which is being held in ones hand is considered that which is being separated, and thus here in truth the fruit is being separated from the peel when one peels it. [Tehila Ledavid and Divreiy Nechemiah] See Shabbos Kehalacha Vol. 2 p. 291

[5] See Shabbos Kihalacha Vol. 2 pages 299-307

[6] Peri Megadim, Ketzos Hashulchan 125/16, and others.

[7] Magen Avraham in chapter 321 Halacha 19, and Mishneh Berurah 84, Igros Moshe, and others rule that even so it does contain the separating prohibition. 

[8] Shabbos Kihalacha Vol. 2 p. 299-307

[9] Peri Megadim, Ketzos Hashulchan 125/16, SSH”K and others.

[10] Rav Farkash in Shabbos Kihalacha Vol 2 p. 300. However in SSH”K they rule plainly that even such a person may peel it without restriction

[11] Magen Avraham in chapter 321 Halacha 19, and Mishneh Berurah 321/84, Igros Moshe, and others rule that it does contain the separating prohibition. 

[12] Ketzos Hashulchan 126/5

[13] Peri Megadim A”A 320

[14] This is forbidden due to the Mifarek prohibition, as it is the common way to verse remove the stalk of dates from the tree and then cut the dates off the stalks and send them to storage. This is directly similar to threshing. Others however argue that threshing only applies to fruits which are concealed within their stalks, as are grains, and not by revealed fruits. [see Ketzos Hashulchan ibid footnote 9]

[15] Ketzos Hashulchan 126 footnote 10-11; Shabbos Kihalacha Vol. 2 p. 316;

[16] Some Poskim [Peri Megadim A”A 320] rule that the “Dosh” “Threshing” prohibition applies equally to items which are removed from their stalk even if the fruits are revealed. Meaning that not only by concealed fruits such as legumes in their pods does the prohibition apply, but also by all foods which are attached to a stalk. Nevertheless even according to them it is only forbidden when done in order to store, or eat later on, as is the form of Melacha of threshing that it is done for storage purposes. If however it is done to eat right away then it is allowed according to all, as this is not like Dash at all. Thus one may remove bananas from their stalk, and grapes from their vines to eat right away. However this is only by fruits which it is common to eat the food soon after removing it from its stalk. If however it is common to store the fruits after removing them from their stalk then they have the same law as does removing dates, in which some rule it is forbidden even to do in order to eat right away due to the  threshing prohibition. [see Ketzos Hashulchan ibid footnote 9-10]

[17] Shabbos Kehalacha Vol. 2 p. 316

[18] Shabbos Kehalacha Vol. 2 p. 294

[19] Being that a peeler is a designated item for separating and negates the required condition of separating with ones hands.

[20] Shabbos Kehalacha Vol 2 p. 295

[21] Shabbos Kehalacha Vol. 2 p. 294

[22] Shabbos Kehalacha Vol. 2 p. 296

[23] Shabbos Kehalacha Vol. 2 p. 296

[24] Shabbos Kehalacha Vol. 2 p. 297

[25] Shabbos Kehalacha Vol. 2 p. 298

[26] Shabbos Kehalacha Vol. 2 p. 299

[27] Shabbos Kehalacha

[28] Shabbos Kehalacha Vol. 2 p. 198

[29] Removing it does not pose a problem of Muktzah being that a) It is insignificant, and b) it is a Graf Shel Reiy

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