The blessing over legume breads and crackers

The blessing on bread and five grain [i.e. Mezonos] products

A. Five grain bread:[1]

Bread that is made of flour of any of the five grains, without a mix of other flours, is Hamotzi and requires Birchas Hamazon just like any other bread.

B. Legume bread:[2]

Bread that is made of only legume flour, without a mix of five grain flour, is Shehakol and requires Borei Nefashos.

Rice bread:[3] Bread that is made from only rice flour receives the same blessing as regular rice of which there is a dispute as to whether its blessing is Shehakol/Mezonos. Practically, every G-d fearing Jew is to only eat rice within a meal [of washing for bread].[4] If one is unable to wash, one is to say a Mezonos and Shehakol on other foods.[5] According to all if one does not have other foods available to say Hadama/Mezonos he may say Shehakol directly on the rice.

Bread made of mixture of rice and other legume flour:[6] If the main ingredient is the rice flour then one is toi follow the blessing over rice bread stated above. If the main ingredient is other legume flour, one is to say Shehakol over the bread. If they are both equal in terms of being a main ingredient of the bread, then one is to follow the blessing of whichever flour is majority.

C. Mixture of legume flour [excluding rice] with 5 grain flour bread:[7]

First blessing and washing:[8] Bread that is made of a mixture of legume flour and five grain flour, its blessing is Hamotzi. This applies even if the flour of the five grains is the minority ingredient and even if it contains less than a Kezayis of five grain flour within Achilas Peras.[9] [If however a minute amount of five grain flour was added simply to strengthen the consistency of the legume dough and not for the sake of taste or satiation, then its blessing is Shehakol.[10]]

Washing and Al Netilas Yadayim:[11] If one will not be consuming a Kibeitza [57.5 grams[12]] of this bread within two times Kdei Acilas Peras [i.e. within 8 minutes, each Kezayis within 4 minutes[13]], then one is to wash without a blessing prior to eating this bread. [If one will be eating a Kebeitza of this bread within two times Achilas Peras, then if the bread receives a Birchas Hamazon, as explained below, he is to wash with a blessing, if it does not receive a Birchas Hamazon, it requires further analysis if he is to wash with a blessing.[14]]

After blessing: If one mixed flour of one of the five grains together with flour of legumes and made bread from it, then although the first blessing is Hamotzi, as explained above, nevertheless, the after blessing of the bread is dependent on the amount of five grain flour that one consumed. If one ate a Kezayis [27 grams] of 5 grain flour within Achilas Peras [i.e. 4 minutes[15]], then Birchas Hamazon is to be recited. If however one did not eat a Kezayis of five grain flour within Achilas Peras [i.e. 4 minutes], then it is disputed as to whether one is to recite Birchas Hamazon or Al Hamichya or Borei Nefashos.[16] Practically, if the bread contains a Kezayis [27 grams] of five grain flour within [a ratio of] Achilas Peras of the bread [27/174 grams which is 16.7 % or 1/6 of the total ingredients[17]] then if he ate a Kezayis of the bread [but not a Kezayis of the five grain flour] he is to recite Al Hamichyah.[18] If the bread does not contain a Kezayis of 5 grain flour within Achilas Peras [174 grams] then if one plans to eat a Kezayis of this bread he is to only eat it within a meal.[19] Alternatively, [in the latter case] one is to eat a Kezayis each of two other foods of which one is Mezonos and the second receives a Borei Nefashos, and then recite an Al Hamichyah and Borei Nefashos on both foods.[20] [If one does plan to eat it within a meal and does not have two other foods that are Al Hamichya and Borei Nefashos to eat, then he is not to eat it all. If he went ahead and ate it anyways then he is not to say any after blessing for it.[21] If however he has one food available, that is Al Hamichyeh or Borei Nefashos then he is to eat that food and recite that after blessing.]

Example 1: Bread that is made with 1000 grams of corn flour and 500 grams of oat flour has a consistency of 1/3 five grain flour. Thus, every Kezayis [27 grams] of this bread that one consumes contains 1/3 of a Kezayis of five grain flour, and every three Kizeisim [80 grams] contains a Kezayis of five grain flour. Accordingly, if one eats three Kizeisim [80 grams] of this bread within 4 minutes he must recite Birchas Hamazon, as he has consumed a Kezayis of five grain flour within 4 minutes. If however he ate less than three Kizeisim within four minutes then he is to say Al Hamichyah. In both cases one is to wash hands [regarding the blessing on washing-see above] and recite Hamotzi over the bread.

Example 2: Bread that is made with 1000 grams of corn flour and 100 grams of oat flour has a consistency of 1/11 five grain flour. Thus, every Kezayis [27 grams] of this bread that one consumes contains 1/11 of a Kezayis of five grain flour, and every 11 Kizeisim [297 grams] contains a Kezayis of five grain flour. Accordingly, it is not possible to eat a Kezayis of five grain flour within Peras [174 grams] and hence its after blessing is disputed and is only to be eaten within a meal if one plans to eat a Kezayis of this bread within 4 minutes. Nevertheless, if one chooses to eat it outside of a meal, such as if he will not be eating a Kezayis within Peras, he is to wash hands [regarding the blessing on washing-see above] and recite Hamotzi over the bread.

D. Bread made of rice and 5 grain flour:[22]

Rice bread that contains wheat flour: Bread that is made of rice and wheat flour receives a Hamotzi and Birchas Hamazon if the entire bread has the taste of wheat. One says Hamotzi on any amount of the bread that one will be eating and says Birchas Hamazon on a Kezayis of the bread [even though one did not eat a Kezayis of wheat flour]. This applies even the bread does not contain a Kezayis [27 grams] of wheat flour within Achilas Peras [174 grams].[23] If the entire bread does not have the taste of wheat, then it follows the same laws as any bread that is made of legume and five grain flour, explained in Halacha 4.

Rice bread that contains spelt/rye/oat/barley flour: It follows the same laws as any bread that is made of legume and five grain flour, explained in Halacha 4.

Summary:
Before blessing and washing: Bread that is made of a mixture of legume flour and five grain flour, its blessing is Hamotzi. If one will not be consuming a Kibeitza [57.5 grams] of this bread within two times Kdei Acilas Peras [i.e. within 8 minutes, each Kezayis within 4 minutes], then one is to wash without a blessing prior to eating this bread.

After blessing: If the bread contains 16.7 % of five grain flour then if he ate a Kezayis of the bread [but not a Kezayis of the five grain flour] he is to recite Al Hamichyah. If the bread does not contain 16.7 % of 5 grain flour then if one plans to eat a Kezayis of this bread he is to only eat it within a meal. Alternatively, [in the latter case] one is to eat a Kezayis each of two other foods of which one is Mezonos and the second receives a Borei Nefashos, and then recite an Al Hamichyah and Borei Nefashos on both foods.

Bread made of rice and wheat flour: Bread that is made of rice and wheat flour receives a Hamotzi and Birchas Hamazon if the entire bread has the taste of wheat. If the entire bread does not have the taste of wheat, then it follows the same laws as any bread that is made of legume and five grain flour, explained in Halacha 4.

Rice bread that contains spelt/rye/oat/barley flour: It follows the same laws as any bread that is made of legume and five grain flour, explained in Halacha 4.

Q&A

By regular bread made of only five grain flour, must one eat a Kezayis of the actual flour alone or does it suffice to eat a Kezayis of the bread, including the other ingredients mixed inside, such as eggs, oil and the like?[24]
The custom is to recite Birchas Hamazon on a Kezayis of bread even though one did not eat a Kezayis of the actual five grain flour, as the other ingredients are merely secondary and nullified to it.[25] Nevertheless, from the letter of the law, one is required to eat a Kezayis of the actual flour to say Birchas Hamazon.[26]

What is the blessing on gluten free bread?
What is gluten free? Gluten free breads are a generic name for all breads that are free of the protein compound found in grain called gluten. Gluten is a protein that is responsible for the chewy and sticky compound so common towards dough. People go gluten free for a variety of reasons, whether due to allergy, celiac disease, or simply as a fad. Gluten is found in wheat and barley, and all wheat and barley derivative grains, such as spelt, rye, semolina, einkorn and other grains of that family. Oats are inherently gluten free although may be contaminated with gluten if not produced under proper supervision. A gluten free product simply means a product that does not contain those flours that have gluten and does not reveal the ingredients of the product which would make the difference regarding its blessing. A gluten free product can be made from a variety of flours. One can make gluten free bread using oat flour, which would make the bread Hamotzi, and one can make it using legume or seed flour [i.e. corn, millet, rice, amaranth, arrowroot, bean flour, buckwheat, coconut, nut, potato, quinoa, sorghum, soy, tapioca, teff]. One can also make the bread from a mixture of oat flour and other flours. The law of the before and after blessing on such bread depends on its flour ingredient, as explained below: 

Oat flour only gluten free bread: Gluten free bread that is made of only oat flour, without a mix of other flours, is Hamotzi and requires Birchas Hamazon just like any other bread.

Legume flour only [other than rice] gluten free bread: Gluten free bread that is made of only legume flour, without a mix of five grain flour, is Shehakol and requires Borei Nefashos.

Mixture of Oat and legume flour gluten free bread: If the bread is made of a mixture of legumes flour and oat flour, the before blessing is Hamotzi, even if the oat flour is the minority ingredient. [One is to wash prior to eating this bread. Regarding if a blessing is recited see above in A!] Regarding Birchas Hamazon, it depends on the amount of five grain flour included within the mixture, as well as on the amount that one ate. If the mixture contains enough oat flour that a Kezayis of it can be consumed within four minutes, and one indeed eats a Kezayis of oat flour within 4 minutes, then Birchas Hamazon is to be recited. If however one did not eat a Kezayis of oat flour within 4 minutes, then if the bread contains a Kezayis of oat flour within 174 grams of the bread, one is to recite Al Hamichyeah. If the bread does not contain a Kezayis of oat flour within 174 grams of the bread, then it is to only be eaten within a meal.

 

Mezonos products made of five grains and legumes:[27]
Any non-bread product [i.e. cracker, biscuit, cake] that is made of only five grain flour is Mezonos and Al Hamichya. Any product that is made of only legume flour is Shehakol and Borei Nefashos.[28] The question is asked regarding a case that the food is made of both grain flour and legume flour, what blessing is to be recited?

Before blessing:[29] If the product is made of a mixture of five grain flour and legume flour then it’s before blessing is Mezonos[30] This applies even if the flour of the five grains is the minority ingredient and even if it contains less than a Kezayis of five grain flour within Achilas Peras. [If however a minute amount of five grain flour was added simply to strengthen the consistency of the legume dough and not for the sake of taste or satiation, then its blessing is Shehakol.[31]]

After blessing: If one mixed flour of one of the five grains together with flour of legumes and made food from it, then although the first blessing is Mezonos, as explained above, nevertheless, the after blessing is dependent on the amount of five grain flour that it contains. If it contains a Kezayis [27 grams] of 5 grain flour within Achilas Peras [174 grams], then Al Hamichyah is to be recited after eating a Kezayis of the food within Achilas Peras [4 minutes].[32] [This applies even if he only eats a Kezayis of the food in total and not a Kezayis of the actual five grain flour.[33]] If however it does not contain a Kezayis [27 grams] of five grain flour within Achilas Peras [i.e. 174 grams], then it is disputed as to whether one is to recite Al Hamichya or Borei Nefashos.[34] Practically, one is to suspect for the both opinion and eat a Kezayis each of two other foods of which one is Mezonos and the second receives a Borei Nefashos, and then recite an Al Hamichyah and Borei Nefashos on both foods. [If one does plan to eat it within a meal and does not have two other foods that are Al Hamichya and Borei Nefashos to eat, then he is not to eat it all. If he went ahead and ate it anyways then he is not to say any after blessing for it.[35] If however he has one food available, that is Al Hamichyeh or Borei Nefashos then he is to eat that food and recite that after blessing.]

Rice and wheat dish:[36] Any non-bread product that is made of rice and wheat flour receives a Mezonos and Al Hamichya if the entire food has the taste of wheat. One says Mezonos on any amount of the food that one will be eating and says Al Hamichyah on a Kezayis of the food [even though one did not eat a Kezayis of wheat flour]. This applies even if the food does not contain a Kezayis [27 grams] of wheat flour within Achilas Peras [174 grams].[37] If the entire food does not have the taste of wheat, then it follows the same laws as any food that is made of legume and five grain flour, explained above.

Summary:
Before blessing: It’s before blessing is Mezonos.

After blessing: If it contains 16.7 % of five grain flour then Al Hamichyah is to be recited after eating a Kezayis of the food within Achilas Peras [4 minutes]. If however it does not contain 16.7 % of five grain flour within Achilas Peras [i.e. 174 grams], then one is to eat a Kezayis each of two other foods of which one is Mezonos and the second receives a Borei Nefashos, and then recite an Al Hamichyah and Borei Nefashos on both foods.
Rice and wheat dish: Any non-bread product that is made of rice and wheat flour receives a Mezonos and Al Hamichya if the entire food has the taste of wheat. One says Mezonos on any amount of the food that one will be eating and says Al Hamichyah on a Kezayis of the food. If the entire food does not have the taste of wheat, then it follows the same laws as any food that is made of legume and five grain flour, explained above.

________________________________________________________________________

[1] Seder 1/7; M”A 208/1; Mishneh Pesachim 35a

[2] Seder 1/10; Admur 202/17; Michaber 208/8; Rif Brachos 26a; Rambam Brachos 3/10

[3] Seder 1/10-11

[4] Seder 1/11

[5] See Chapter ?/ Halacha ?? for the full details of this matter

[6] Admur Seder 3/1

[7] Seder 8/3-4; Michaber 208/9; Ketzos Hashulchan 59/3; Kaf Hachaim 208/53

[8] Seder 8/3; 3/6; Michaber ibid; Orchos Chaim; Abudarham

[9] Admur Seder 3/6; 8/3-4; Michaber ibid

The reason: As grain flour is always considered the Ikkur even if it is the minority. [Admur 8/3] Since the bread was made for the sake of setting a meal over it, the grain is therefore considered the Ikkur and one always recites Hamotzi over it. Now, even if the bread does not contain a Kezayis of grain within Achilas Peras [and one hence does not recite Birchas Hamazon], it is nevertheless Hamotzi, as regarding the before blessing there is no minimum measurement that one must consume. [Admur 3/6]

[10] Seder 3/2

[11] See Admur 158/2; Seder Netilas Yadayim 18; Ketzos Hashulcahn 36/2; Piskeiy Teshuvos 158/7

[12] Shiureiy Torah 3/8

[13] See Admur in next footnote that each Kezayis must be eaten within Achilas Peras, [4 minutes] and see Ketzos Hashulchan 36 footnote 5 in name Reb Yisarel Noach that the second Kezayis must be eaten immediately after the first Kezayis.

[14] This matter requires further analysis as on the one hand he is not eating a Kebeitza of food that requires washing, as washing is only required on grains that have been turned into bread and not on legumes. So is implied from Admur 158/2 and Seder Netilas Yadayim 18 that one must eat a Kebeitza of the food that is obligated in washing. On the other hand he says Hamotzi on it and is eating a Kebeitza of food that requires washing, and since every piece of the food contains grain flour, and is Hamotzi, therefore perhaps a blessing of Al Netilas Yadayim is to be said. See also 158/1 that Admur depends it on Hamotzi and not on Birchas Hamazon.

[15] Four minutes: Shiurei Torah 3/15 [p. 303]; Aruch Hashulchan 202/8; Kaf Hachaim 210/5; Piskeiy Teshuvos 210/1 that so is the widespread custom

Opinion of 6-7 minutes: The Tzemach Tzedek [Shaar Hamiluim 1/8-10] records 6-7 minutes regarding the Shiur of Achilas Peras. [Ketzos Hashulchan 36 footnote 5; 59 footnote 4; Shiureiy Torah ibid footnote 35; Sefer Haminhaghim [English] p. 93 regarding Tishe Beav] In Shiureiy Torah ibid footnote 35 he concludes that if one ate 17 grams in the first 4 minutes and completed 28 grams in 8 minutes, he may say Birchas Hamazon.

Three minutes-Chabad custom: See Sefer Haminhagim ibid and footnotes 342-344 for a quote of various opinions of Achilas Peras, and for a tradition from the Tzemach Tzedek, in name of Rav Hillel Miparitch, that differs from the responsa of the Tzemach Tzedek which placed Achilas Peras as 6-7 minutes and rather places Achilas Peras as minimum 3 minutes and maximum 7 minutes. The Rebbe concludes there in the footnote that one is required to suspect for the above tradition. So also rules Igros Moshe 4/41 that Achilas Peras is 3 minutes regarding Bracha Achrona. Accordingly, one should try to eat the Kezayis within three minutes. However if one ate it within four minutes, and perhaps even within 6-7 minutes, one can rely on the Tzemach Tzedek’s other rulings. Vetzaruch Iyun, as perhaps Safek Brachos Lihakel. In any event one si to be very careful in the above.

Other opinions: See Shiurei Torah 3/15; Sefer Haminhagim ibid and footnotes 342-344; Piskeiy Teshuvos 210/1

[16] If the bread contains a Kezayis [27 grams] of 5 grain flour within Achilas Peras [174 grams]: If the bread contains a Kezayis [27 grams] of 5 grain flour within Achilas Peras [174 grams] then some Poskim rule that Birchas Hamazon is to be recited if he eats a Kezayis of the bread within Achilas Peras [4 minutes], even though he did not eat a Kezayis of grain flour within Achilas Peras. [1st and Stam opinion in Admur Seder 8/3; Ruling of Admur in Shulchan Aruch 168/11 in parentheses; Ruling of Admur in Seder 3/2 regarding Mezonos according to all; See Admur 442/9 and Kuntrus Achron 442 6-8; Tosafus Chulin 98b; Rabbeinu Chaim brought in Rosh 7/31 Kaf Hachaim 208/53 in name of Mateh Yehuda 208/4; Mamar Mordechai 208/15] Other Poskim however rule that Birchas Hamazon is not to recited unless he eats the entire Peras [i.e. 174 grams which contains a Kezayis of five grain flour] as Birchas Hamazon cannot be recited unless one eats a Kezayis of actual grain flour within Peras. [2nd opinion in Admur ibid; See Kuntrus Achron 442 6-8; Raavad; Rashba Toras Habayis 4/1; Peri Chadash 442/1; P”M 208 A”A 15; Kaf Hachaim 208/53 in name of Perach Shushan 1/3; Erech Hashulchan 208/4; Beis Efraim 13; Shaareiy Teshuvah 208/12; Gr”a; Derech Hachaim] According to this opinion one is to rather say Al Hamichyeh after eating a kezayis within Peras. [Michaber ibid; Ketzos Hashulchan 59/3 based on Admur Seder 8/4 and 3/2; Kaf Hachaim 208/53; See however Gr”a brought in M”B 208/47 that one is to say Shehakol] Practically one is to suspect for the latter opinion, as Safek Brachos Lihakel [Admur Seder 8/3; Kaf Hachaim ibid] and is to say an Al Hamichyah. [Ketzos Hashulchan ibid; Kaf Hachaim ibid]

If the bread does not contain a Kezayis [27 grams] of 5 grain flour within Achilas Peras [174 grams]: If the bread does not contain a Kezayis [27 grams] of 5 grain flour within Achilas Peras [174 grams] then according to all Birchas Hamazon is not recited even if one eats many Kezaysim of the bread within Achilas Peras. [Admur Seder 8/4; 168/11 in parentheses; Michaber ibid; Rabbeinu Yona] Regarding what after blessing one is to say is disputed in Poskim: Some Poskim say one is to say Al Hamichyeh after eating a Kezayis of this bread within Achilas Peras. The reason for this is because the bread contains a taste of five grain flour even though it does not have any substance of five grain flour other than a minute amount. [1st opinion in Admur Seder 8/4 and 3/2; Michaber ibid; Rabbeinu Yona; M”A 208/15] Other Poskim however question this ruling [and say that perhaps one is to recite Borei Nefashos rather than Al Hamichyah-Ketzos Hashulchan 59/3 based on Admur Seder 3/2]. [2nd opinion in Admur Seder 8/4 and 3/2;] Practically, due to the above dispute, one is to only eat [a Kezayis of] this bread within a meal. [Seder 8/4] Alternatively, one is to eat a Kezayis each of two other foods of which one is Mezonos and the second receives a Borei Nefashos, and then recite an Al Hamichyah and Borei Nefashos on both foods. [Admur Seder 3/3; Ketzos Hashulchan 59 footnote 7]

[17] Seder 8/2 in parentheses that a Peras is “Three Kibeitzas.” This is the second opinion in Admur 612/4; Vetzrauch Iyun if in this regard we measure based on grams or based on time, which is 4 minutes as brought above. If the latter, than it is impossible to really measure if the bread contains a Kezayis of flour within Peras, as if one did not eat for a full 4 minutes, how is he to tell how much a Peras is, 4 minute’s worth of eating. One must hence conclude that in this regard we measure in grams.

Background of Admur: Admur 612/4 records a dispute in Poskim as to whether Achilas Peras is 4 Kibeitzim or 3 Kibeitzim. Admur concludes to be Machmir by a Biblical law and lenient by a Rabbinical law. Nevertheless in Seder 8/2 Admur rules regarding blessings like the stringent opinion, as Safek Brachos Lihakel. [Ketzos Hashulchan 59 footnote 4; See also Admur 486/1 that was stringent regarding Shiur Kezayis by a after blessing just like a Biblical law, due to Safek Brachos Lihakel.]

Understanding the above calculation-How much is a Kebeitza in grams: A Kebeitza is two Kezeisim. Now, see Shiureiy Torah 3/8 that regarding bread a Kibeitza is measured as 57.6 grams. Thus, three Kebeitzim of bread is 174 grams. Accordingly, one Kezayis of a Peras is approximately 16.7% of a Peras, or 1/6 of a Peras. [See Kaf Hachaim 208/53]

[18] Seder 8/3 that one is to suspect for the second opinion and not recite Birchas Hamazon, as one is to be lenient by Safek Brachos; Ketzos Hashulchan 59/3 and Kaf Hachaim 208/53 that practically one is to recite Al Hamichyah, based on Michaber ibid and Seder 8/4 and 3/2 that according to all one is at the very least to say Al Hamichyah in such a case.

Other opinions: Some Poskim rule that one is to say Shehakol. [Gr”a, brought in M”B 208/47]

[19] Admur Seder 8/4

[20] Admur Seder 3/3; Ketzos Hashulchan 59 footnote 7

[21] See Admur Seder 1/18 that one cannot be Yoztei an Alhamichyeh with a Borei Nefashos and cannot be Yoztei a Borei Nefashos with Al Hamichyeh

[22] Seder 8/5; Luach 2/6; M”A 208/15; Ramban; Maggid Mishneh; Rambam; Rosh; See Michaber Y.D. 324/9 and Shach 324/17 regarding Hafrashas Challah

[23] The reason: As the wheat penetrates the rice with its taste, and all the rice tastes like wheat. [Admur ibid]

[24] See Piskeiy Teshuvos 208/14

[25] M”B 208/48; Chayeh Adam 50/21

[26] Igros Moshe 1/71; Minchas Yitzchak 9/15; See Piskeiy Teshuvos ibid footnote 99 in name of Poskim;

[27] Seder 3/2; Ketzos Hashulchan 59/3; See Piskeiy Teshuvos 208/14

[28] This follows the same ruling as bread made of such flours, as stated in Halacha 1-2

[29] Seder 3/2; 3/6; 8/3; Michaber ibid; Orchos Chaim; Abudarham

[30] This applies even if the flour of the five grains is the minority ingredient and even if it contains less than a Kezayis of five grain flour within Achilas Peras. [Admur ibid] If however a minute amount of five grain flour was added simply to strengthen the consistency of the legume dough and not for the sake of taste or satiation, then its blessing is Shehakol.

[31] Seder 3/2

[32] Seder ibid; Vetzaruch Iyun from Seder 8/3 that Admur

[33] Implication of Admur ibid; Ketzos Hashulchan 59/4 “even on a Kezayis of it”; Ketzos Hashulchan 59/3 and Kaf Hachaim 208/53 that one says Al Hamichyah even though did not eat Kezayis of grain in Hamotzi bread; See Admur Seder 8/3 regarding Hamotzi that some rule one must eat an actual Kezayis of the grain flour to say Birchas Hamazon, Vetzaruch Iyun as to the difference between Birchas Hamazon and Al Hamichyah;

Other opinions: Some Poskim rule one must eat a Kezayis of the actual flour to say an Al Hamichyah. [M”B 208/48; Chayeh Adam 50/21; Igros Moshe 1/71; Minchas Yitzchak 9/15; See Piskeiy Teshuvos ibid footnote 99; See also Piskeiy Teshuvos ibid footnote 103 that according to all one must eat a Kezayis of the actual flour to say an Al Hamichyah. Vetzaruch Iyun that he made no mention of above!]

[34] If the food does not contain a Kezayis [27 grams] of 5 grain flour within Achilas Peras [174 grams] then some Poskim say one is to nevertheless say Al Hamichyeh after eating a Kezayis of this food within Achilas Peras. The reason for this is because the bread contains a taste of five grain flour even though it does not have any substance of five grain flour other than a minute amount. [1st opinion in Admur Seder 3/2 regarding Mezonos and 8/4 regarding bread; Michaber 208/9 and Rabbeinu Yonah regarding bread; M”A 208/15] Other Poskim however question this ruling [and say that perhaps one is to recite Borei Nefashos rather than Al Hamichyah]. [2nd opinion in Admur Seder 3/2 and 8/4; Divrei Chamudos Brachos 6/19; Olas Tamid 208/7; Kneses Hgaedola 208/1; Elya Raba 208/3] Practically, due to the above dispute, one is to only eat a Kezayis each of two other foods of which one is Mezonos and the second receives a Borei Nefashos, and then recite an Al Hamichyah and Borei Nefashos on both foods. [Admur Seder 3/3]

[35] See Admur Seder 1/18 that one cannot be Yoztei an Alhamichyeh with a Borei Nefashos and cannot be Yoztei a Borei Nefashos with Al Hamichyeh

[36] Seder 8/5

[37] The reason: As the wheat penetrates the rice with its taste, and all the rice tastes like wheat. [Admur ibid]

Was this article helpful?

Related Articles

Leave A Comment?