Putting on Tefillin during Davening

 What is one to do if his Tefillin arrived in middle of Davening, or if he forgot to put on Tefillin and remembered in middle of Davening?

Pesukei Dezimra:[1] One may not recite a blessing on Tefillin between Az Yashir and Yishtabach.[2] One may not recite a blessing on Tefillin in middle of Pesukei Dezimra [even Bein Haperakim, and certainly not in middle of a Perek[3]].[4] However one may recite a blessing over the Tefillin between Yishtabach and Yotzer.[5] [Thus in the event that one received Tefillin, or remembered to put on Tefillin[6], in middle of Pesukei Dezimra, one is to place them on without a blessing, and between Yishtabach and Yotzer is to shake them and recite a blessing.[7]]

Birchas Shema and Shema: If one remembered to put on Tefillin[8], or received Tefillin[9], after beginning the blessing of Yotzer Or but before Shema, he may place it on with a blessing between the Perakim [which is between Yotzer Hameoros and Ahavas Olam, and Ahavas Olam and Shema[10]] although not in the midst of the paragraph.[11] If one received Tefillin in middle of Shema or afterwards, from Veahavta and onwards, one may place it on with a blessing even in middle of the paragraph.[12]

Geula and Tefila: Between Geula and Tefila one may not say a blessing on the Tefillin.[13] Rather, one is to wear it without a blessing.[14]



[1] Ketzos Hashulchan 18/6

[2] Admur 53/3 and Michaber 53/3 regarding a Tallis [between Az Yahsir and Yishtabach] and the Elya Raba and M”B 53/6 rules the same applies regarding Tefillin; Ketzos Hashulchan 18/6

[3] Ketzos Hashulchan 18 footnote 23 based on the wording in Admur here “As it is forbidden to make an interval between Baruch Sheamar and Yishtabach”;

[4] So rules regarding Tallis: Admur ibid; Chayeh Adam 20/3; Gloss of Rav Akiva Eiger ibid; Kitzur SHU”A 14/8; Kaf Hachaim 53/7

The reason: As it is forbidden to make an interval between Baruch Sheamar and Yishtabach even if it is for the sake of a Mitzvah, as explained in 51/4. [ibid] Now although it is permitted to wear Tefillin with a blessing even in the middle of Birchas Shema [see 66/3 and 11], nevertheless this is because it is an obligation to read Shema and Daven Shemoneh Esrei wearing Tefillin. However there is no obligation to say Pesukei Dezimra wearing Tefillin, and hence one must delay the blessing until after Yishtabach. [Ketzos Hashulchan ibid footnote 24; Kaf Hachaim 53/7]

Other opinions: Some Poskim rule one may put on the Tefillin with a blessing even in middle of the Perek, and certainly between the Perakim in Pesukei Dezimra. [Birkeiy Yosef 53/4; Magen Giborim based on Teshuvas Harambam 147; M”B 53/6; Yabia Omer 9/82] However even according to them one may not do so between Az Yashir and Yishtabach. [Michaber ibid]

[5] The reason: As it is permitted to make an interval in that area for the sake of a Mitzvah, as explained in 54/3 [ibid]

[6] Piskeiy Teshuvos 53 footnote 14; See Admur 66/3; Michaber 66/2

Other opinions: Some Poskim rule that in the event that one had Tefillin beforehand and simply forgot to wear them, them, it is forbidden to put them on during Pesukei Dezimra, or even between Yishtabach and Barchu, even without a blessing. [M”B 53/7]

[7] Chayeh Adam 20, brought in Ketzos Hashulchan ibid; Hefsek Betefila 5/2-5 [p. 86]; See Admur 66/11 in first opinion

[8] 66/3

[9] 66/11

[10] 66/7

[11] Admur 66/3; Ketzos Hashulchan 19/4 in name of Derech Hachaim and implication of Admur 66/11, Vetzaruch Iyun as to why the Ketzos Hashulchan omitted 66/3 in which Admur explicitly mentions this ruling

The reason: As Tefillin is an obligation to wear for Shema and Shemoneh Esrei in order to accept the complete yoke of Heaven. [66/3 and 11] 

[12] Siddur Admur; second and main opinion in 66/11

The reason: As one is required to recite every part of Shema with his Tefillin, and hence one cannot wait until between the Perkaim. [Ketzos Hashulchan 18 footnote 12]

Other opinions in Admur: In 66/11 Admur records a dispute in this matter. Some Poskim [Ram Mekotzi Tosafus Brachos 14b; Kuntrus Achron 66/2] rule one may only place the Tefillin on with a blessing between the Perakim. Thus from Vayomer and onwards one is to wear the Tefillin without a blessing and then after Shemoneh Esrei he is to touch the Tefillin and say a blessing. Other Poskim [Tur; Hagahos Maimanis; Kuntrus Achron 66/3] however rule one may say a blessing even in middle of the Perek. Practically Admur concludes that one is to follow the latter opinion. [ibid]

[13] 66/11; Siddur Admur; Rama 66/8

The reason: As it has the same law as the Shemoneh Esrei itself. Even regarding answering Kaddish or Kedusha, which is a Mitzvah Overes [is forbidden between Goal Yisrael and Shemoneh Esrei]. Thus certainly one may not recite a blessing over the Tefillin which can technically be recited afterwards. Practcially, this is the custom that one is to follow. [ibid]

[14] Siddur Admur; Implication of 66/11; Rama 66/8

The reason: Although even putting the Tallis without a blessing is considered an interval between Geula and Tefila, being that the Tallis does not have such a need for the Tefila nevertheless it is permitted to put on Tefillin between Geula and Tefila because Tefillin is an obligation to wear during Davening in order to accept the complete yoke of heaven. However Tzitzis is not an obligation of the body to wear unless one is wearing a Tallis that is obligated in Tzitzis. [66/11]

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